Tribpedia: Redistricting

Redistricting is the revision or replacement of existing representative districts. It results in new districts with different "lines" or geographical boundaries. The purpose of redistricting is to equalize population in state and congressional districts after publication of the United States census, and to ensure that minority populations are considered. 

Redistricting in Texas is mandated by the Texas Constitution of 1876. It requires that the Texas Legislature redraw state representative and senatorial districts every 10 years, coinciding with the U.S. Census. The federal constitution also requires redistricting of congressional seats based on the decennial census.

In 1948, Texas voters approved a constitutional amendment that created a Legislative Redistricting Board to carry out redistricting responsibilities if the Texas Legislature failed to do so during the session.

Redistricting Process

Public Hearings
Redistricting Bills
Legislative Redistricting Board
Voting Rights Act Submissions
Judicial Review
Elections Under the New Districts

Images

Jose Garza, an attorney for the Mexican American Legislative Caucus, and former Texas Rep. Trey Martinez Fischer speak to reporters on April 27, 2017, following a status conference on a years-long challenge to Texas' political maps. 
Newcomer Oscar Del Toro, who lost race for at large seat in 2015 showing redistricted Pasadena city council district map.
Republican SBOE District 7 Candidate Rita Ashley State Rep. John Kuempel, R-Seguin, looks through redistricting maps on display during debate on the House floor on June 14, 2011. State Rep. Burt Solomons, R-Carrollton, left, and Rep. Mike Villarreal, D-San Antonio, debating congressional redistricting maps on the House floor on June 14, 2011. State Rep. Allen Fletcher, R-Tomball, gestures from the back microphone during debate on amendment #5 of SB4 the congressional redistricting bill on June 14, 2011. House Redistricting Committee Chairman Burt Solomons, R-Carrollton, monitors debate on SB4 the congressional redistricting on June 14, 2011. State Rep. Debbie Riddle, R-Houston, speaks in favor of Amendment #5 to SB4 the congressional redistricting bill that would affect a small portion of north Harris County during debate on June 14, 2011.  The amendment was eventually tabled. House Committee on Redistricting Chairman Burt Solomons, R-Carrollton, looks at his committee during a vote on substitute redistricting plans on June 9, 2011. State Rep. Mike Villarreal (l), D-San Antonio, plays with State Rep. Jimmie Don Aycock, R-Killeen, after Aycock slipped and voted "aye" on a redistricting plan that he actually opposed. Aycock changed his vote and the Committee Substitute Plan 126 failed to advance. Sen. Kel Seliger, R-Amarillo, debates the congressional redistricting bill SB4 on the Senate floor on June 6, 2011. Sen. Kel Seliger, R-Amarillo, discusses congressional redistricting with Sen .Royce West, D-Dallas, (not shown) on the Senate floor Monday, June 6, 2011. Congressional redistricting proposal from Rep. Burt Solomons and Sen. Kel Seliger. U.S. Congressman John Culberson, who represents the 7th District of Texas in Houston, visits the House floor to lobby for Congressional redistricting on May 17, 2011. Senate Democrats, left to right Sen. Juan Hinojosa, D-McAllen, Sen. Leticia Van de Putte, D-San Antonio, and Sen. Kirk Watson, gather around Senate Secretary Patsy Spaw during a vote to suspend the rules on HB150 the redistricting bill on May 17, 2011. State Sen. Kirk Watson, D-Austin, discusses his concerns on redistricting with reporters as the Senate went into caucus early afternoon on May 17, 2011. State Sen. Kirk Watson, D-Austin, pauses while leaving the floor after the Senate went into caucus to discuss redistricting on May 17, 2011. Sen. Kel Seliger (l), R-Amarillo, ponders the comments of Sen. Wendy Davis during redistricting debate on May 17, 2011. State Sen. Kirk Watson, D-Austin, takes a look at redistricting maps at the Senate Select Committee on Redistricting on May 13, 2011. State Sen. Eddie Lucio (l), D-Brownsville, whispers to State Sen. Mario Gallegos (c), D-Houston at the Senate Select Committee on Redistricting on May 13, 2011.  At right is Senate Parliamentarian Karina Davis. State Sen Kirk Watson (c), D-Austin, appears at the Senate Select Committee on Redistricting on May 13, 2011. State Sen. Kel Seliger (l),  R-Amarillo, chairs the Senate Select Committee on Redistricting along with Sen. Judith Zaffirini (c), D-Laredo and Sen. Jeff Wentworth (r), R-San Antonio, on May 13, 2011. State Sen. Kirk Watson, D-Austin, looks at redistricting maps at a Senate hearing on May 13, 2011. Senate Redistricting map proposed by Sen. Kel Seliger, R-Amarillo. State Rep. Burt Solomons (l), R-Carrollton, speaks with a colleague prior to the House passing Solomon's SBOE redistricting bill on May 5, 2011. Trey Martinez Fischer, D-San Antonio, (left) calls a point of order on redistricting. Legislators review redistricting maps on the House floor. House members look at redistricting maps in the House chamber on April 27, 2011 State Rep. Burt Solomons, R-Carrollton, talks to a colleague as a point of order stalls redistricting in the House on April 27, 2011. State Representatives look at the redistricting maps on the floor of the Texas House on April 27, 2011 U.S. Rep. Lloyd Doggett shows state district map. U.S. Rep. Lloyd Doggett with his district map. A proposal by Rep. Burt Solomons, R-Carrollton. Nina Perales of MALDEF and others from the Texas Latino Redistricting Task Force present proposal for two new Latino-majority congressional seats in Texas.

Sign Up for The Brief

Our daily news summary