Analysis: Texas schools need support from politically distracted state leaders
Public education in Texas — like everywhere in the country — is hurting after more than two years of pandemic. But many in the political class are preoccupied with reforms that have more to do with social issues than with education.
Editor's note: If you'd like an email notice whenever we publish Ross Ramsey's column, click here.
If you would like to listen to the column, click on the play button below.
While the state’s top political performers are talking about books in school libraries, and about whether history teachers ought to be allowed to teach history, Texas schools — schools everywhere, really — are up against a daunting fundamental problem.
Look at what the pandemic has done to our kids.
One way Texas measures academic progress in public schools is with the State of Texas Assessments of Academic Readiness, a standardized test better known as STAAR. Grades took a hit during the pandemic, leaving teachers with the job of pulling students not just to their grade level, but to the performance level they might have had without the long break in in-person, on-site schooling.
In 2019, before the start of the pandemic, 47% of Texas students in third through eighth grade had English and reading skills at or above where they should have been for their grade level. More than half weren’t reading at grade level. And the numbers fell to 43% of those kids by 2021, after more than a year of the pandemic and its disruption of education. Their English skills actually improved, to 54% in 2021 from 50% in 2019. But reading results dropped from 45% reading at grade level to 39%.
The declines in math and algebra scores were pronounced for that age group in Texas public schools. Before COVID-19, 50% were doing arithmetic at grade level; four years later, that had dropped to 35%, based on STAAR scores.
Students in districts where classes were mostly remote during the pandemic — where fewer than 25% of students attended in person — did worse than students in districts that were mostly in school — where more than 75% of students attended in person — but STAAR performance worsened in both groups.
The mostly remote districts saw a 9% drop in reading scores, compared with a 1% drop in the mostly in-person districts. Math scores were down 32% in the remote districts, 9% in in-person districts.
Texas is in its political season. Party primaries were held last month, the runoffs are next month, and the seven-month march to the November general election is underway.
Some candidates in both major parties are talking about falling scores and the learning losses of the last two years, about teacher shortages, school funding, pandemic precautions and so on — the education part of the education conversation.
Others, particularly Republicans, are talking instead about political hot-button issues, like critical race theory, what books are available in school libraries, gender identity, and other cultural and social issues.
It’s enough to make you wonder whether the quality of education is as important as riling up voters in advance of elections.
And what happens in the election often sets the table for the other season of Texas civics — that part after the election when the people who are asking for votes now will turn to the business of setting state policy and making laws.
Public education is at the center of state and local government in Texas, in any terms you choose: time committed, money spent, voter expectations, parent concerns, economic development, jobs, civic engagement and knowledge.
It’s usually a subject where the politicians align on one big idea: The better the state’s education system is, the better the state will be. And even if you get them talking about just the education part of the education puzzle, they have plenty of disagreements. They’re supposed to; their voters don’t agree, either, and the halls of government were built so we’d have a place to debate big ideas.
But first, you have to agree on what needs to be done. The pandemic disrupted education, and the elected class is supposed to get that back in shape, and then to improve it — before the current group of students starts spilling out of public schools without the tools they went there to obtain.
Arguing over hot social topics gets more attention, and that’s why candidates are fond of doing that. But there’s work to be done in public schools — and the schools are something voters hold dear.
We can’t wait to welcome you in person and online to the 2022 Texas Tribune Festival, our multiday celebration of big, bold ideas about politics, public policy and the day’s news — all taking place just steps away from the Texas Capitol from Sept. 22-24. When tickets go on sale in May, Tribune members will save big. Donate to join or renew today.
Quality journalism doesn't come free
Perhaps it goes without saying — but producing quality journalism isn't cheap. At a time when newsroom resources and revenue across the country are declining, The Texas Tribune remains committed to sustaining our mission: creating a more engaged and informed Texas with every story we cover, every event we convene and every newsletter we send. As a nonprofit newsroom, we rely on members to help keep our stories free and our events open to the public. Do you value our journalism? Show us with your support.Yes, I'll donate today