Opposition to Texas Secretary of State David Whitley’s nomination mounts, imperiling his future in the job

For the second week in a row, the Senate Nominations Committee failed to bring Whitley up for a vote. And he's gained a new public adversary: the leader of the Senate Democratic Caucus.

Texas Secretary of State David Whitley was appointed by Gov. Greg Abbott but must clear the Senate Committee on Nominations and then win a two-thirds vote in the full Senate.
Texas Secretary of State David Whitley was appointed by Gov. Greg Abbott but must clear the Senate Committee on Nominations and then win a two-thirds vote in the full Senate.  Miguel Gutierrez Jr./The Texas Tribune

Whether it’s a botched voter citizenship review, legal battles over how the state draws its political maps, or the efforts to remove barriers to casting ballots, voting rights issues are the source of constant debate in Texas. Read The Texas Tribune’s comprehensive coverage of voting rights issues and tell us if you’ve encountered problems while trying to vote in Texas.

 More in this series 

For the second time, the Senate Nominations Committee met this week to approve the governor’s appointees — and for the second time, the Republican-dominated committee did not call a vote on David Whitley, the governor’s embattled pick for Texas secretary of state.

As the state battles three federal lawsuits over a botched attempt to clear its voter rolls of supposed noncitizens, Whitley has been fighting a quieter battle at the Texas Capitol: to win confirmation as Texas’ chief election official. To keep his job for much longer, he needs to muster support from at least some Democratic members of the Texas Senate, which has the power to accept or reject his nomination. But with several Senate Democrats who have already declared their opposition — and with pressure mounting privately and publicly for the rest of the caucus to do the same — he’s made little public progress in what is usually an uncontroversial process for nominees.

Republican Gov. Greg Abbott continues to back his nominee “100 percent,” a spokesman said, and Whitley doesn’t seem to have given up. As recently as last week, Whitley met with Democratic senators in an effort to secure their votes. And although Whitley and his deputies have held firm in the overall efforts to verify the citizenship status of of almost 100,000 Texans, he even issued something of an apology for the way his agency bungled its rollout of the controversial voter citizenship review, which was based on deeply flawed data and seemingly pulled in tens of thousands of registered voters for review because they were naturalized citizens.

But on Thursday, Whitley suffered a series of losses. After the Nominations Committee punted on his appointment for the second time after a blistering confirmation hearing, some three dozen civil rights and advocacy groups rallied on the steps of the Texas Capitol to hold the line on his nomination. And Whitley gained several new adversaries over the course of the day as Democratic senator after Democratic senator came out against his nomination — including El Paso Democrat José Rodríguez, who chairs his party’s caucus in the Senate.

The Texas Tribune thanks its sponsors. Become one.

“Only in extreme circumstances would I not defer to the Governor's choices. In this case, however, the damage has been done,” said Rodríguez, who did not speak on behalf of the full caucus, in a statement to The Texas Tribune. “Many Texans mistakenly believe evidence of voter fraud has been found. Many now fear to vote, even though they are eligible. Although it is a difficult decision, I cannot support Mr. Whitley's nomination to serve as Secretary of State.”

That marks eight public "no" verdicts from Senate Democrats, and most of the rest of the caucus is expected to land there as well. Whitley requires a two-thirds vote to win confirmation, meaning if the 12-member Senate Democratic caucus stands together, it can block his path. But Democrats in the upper chamber — who have a reputation for avoiding controversy more than their colleagues in the Texas House — would have to tread carefully.

House Democrats have been working quietly behind the scenes to convince their Senate colleagues to stand firm in opposition of Whitley. And the pressure on Senate Democrats has grown with the Texas Democratic Party joining the chorus of Whitley detractors who are calling on senators “to pick a side.”

In a letter Thursday, some three dozen organizations — the state Democratic party among them — called on the Senate’s minority party to reject Abbott’s nominee and “affirmatively block” the confirmation of Whitley or any future nominee who declines to halt the review effort.

“David Whitley’s nomination to the Texas secretary of state was a slap in the face to Texas voters,” said Manny Garcia, executive director of the Texas Democratic Party. “Whitley’s voter purge attempts are nothing more than state-sponsored voter suppression by this Republican government, and there must be accountability for that. We call on our Texas senators to honor the rich voting rights history of the party of LBJ.”

If Whitley passes out of committee and his nomination is called for a floor vote, any absences from Senate Democrats could make it easier for the 19-member Republican majority to confirm his nomination. The confirmation requires two-thirds of senators who are present for the vote, so ill-timed absences could leave the minority party — and its narrow numbers advantage — vulnerable.

The Texas Tribune thanks its sponsors. Become one.

If Whitley’s nomination is left pending for the rest of the session, he can serve only until the Legislature leaves Austin in late May. After that, Abbott could nominate a replacement who would immediately take over as secretary of state and serve at least until the next legislative session in 2021.

The uncertainty over Whitley’s path to confirmation has played out amid three legal challenges to the review efforts he ordered. The lawsuits claim the review unconstitutionally burdens naturalized citizens and discriminates against voters of color and those who are foreign-born. In court this week, state lawyers and a top Whitley deputy deflected those allegations by instead casting the blame for any foul-ups on county election officials.

As Whitley has continued to take meetings with senators in hopes of garnering enough support to be confirmed, the Senate Nominations Committee’s inaction on his nomination doesn’t bode well for his chances.

“Secretary Whitley deeply respects the Senate’s role in the nominations process and will continue to seek an open line of communication with senators to address any questions or concerns,” Sam Taylor, a Whitley spokesman, said Thursday.

Democrats argue that Whitley's confirmation shouldn't be a partisan issue.

"I didn't want this to be a political thing," said Sen. Nathan Johnson, a Dallas Democrat who said Thursday he'll be a no on Whitley. "This is not a partisan decision for me."

Meanwhile, Senate Republicans are expected to back Whitley’s nomination. But that may not be enough to push him through.

State Sen. Paul Bettencourt, the Houston Republican who chairs the Senate’s GOP caucus and often whips votes for party priorities, said that “the governor’s office is directly responsible” for shepherding the nomination through the Senate.

The Texas Tribune thanks its sponsors. Become one.

“The Democratic Caucus has a lot to say on [the nomination],” Bettencourt said in an interview last week.

Sen. Jane Nelson, the upper chamber's veteran budget writer and another key GOP voice, told The Dallas Morning News this week that “I don’t know” if Whitley will be the next secretary of state.

“I think we would have voted on him if he was going to be,” Nelson said. “But I haven’t counted votes.”