Tribpedia: Ted Cruz

Rafael Edward Cruz, more commonly known as Ted Cruz, is a lawyer and the junior U.S. senator from Texas. He succeeded U.S. Sen. Kay Bailey Hutchison, R-Texas, who announced her retirement in 2011.

In his first year on the job — he was sworn in on Jan. 3, 2013 — Cruz has established himself as a leader — perhaps the leader — of the Tea Party wing of the Republican Party. Along the way, he has managed to upset a great deal of the more traditional GOP establishment, of whom he’s been as unsparing in his criticism as he has of Democrats. He also made it clear — very soon after being sworn in — that the traditional role of subservient junior senator, deferring to both his fellow Texan, Republican Sen. John Cornyn, and to the august body of the Senate itself, was not for him.

Cruz’s fame — he is, by now, arguably one of the best-known senators in the country — took a sharp turn upward as two Oct. 1, 2013, deadlines approached: the 2014 fiscal budget and the implementation of many of the final components of the Affordable Care Act, or Obamacare.

In August 2013, with the Senate in recess, Cruz traveled around Texas as well as other states, speaking out against Obamacare and telegraphing his intent to derail it by stripping it of funding in the new fiscal year.

On Sept. 24-25, Cruz held forth on criticism of the health care act, along with readings from Dr. Seuss and Twitter feeds and a Darth Vader imitation. Not quite a filibuster — there was no parliamentary endgame that could derail a Senate vote on the budget — Cruz’s lengthy and often eloquent turn on the floor still managed to inspire his supporters and galvanize enough members in the House to send a budget bill back to the Senate defunding the Affordable Care Act. The Senate, with a Democratic majority, wouldn’t accept a provision to pass a budget that defunded President Barack Obama’s signature resolution, so it was sent back to the House, funding to the health care law restored.

What followed was something of a legislative ping pong match — the House inserting a one-year delay in implementation, an end to the tax on medical devices and another attempt at defunding, the Senate each time removing House attachments and sending it back. All the while, the Oct. 1 deadline approached. And when midnight came on Sept. 30, the impasse continued, and the federal government shut down.

Much of the credit — or blame, depending on perspective — for the government shutdown fell to Cruz. On Oct. 16, after more than two weeks, the House passed a temporary budget sent by the Senate, ending the shutdown and averting a looming credit default from the United States, a potentially calamitous event with global implications.

Cruz and his Tea Party supporters have said that their efforts were necessary because Obamacare is “train wreck” that is sure to do great and permanent harm to the nation. Cruz, the Tea Party’s clear standard-bearer, may have angered many in the Republican Party, but his actions before, during and after the shutdown has made it clear he’s more than ready to stir things up in Washington — and he’s got plenty of people, back home in Texas and all over the country, supporting his cause.

Cruz’s headline-filled first year as U.S. senator has sparked speculation that he may, like Obama, have ambitions to convert a brief time in the Senate into a high-profile run at the White House in 2016. Despite his demurrals, frequent engagements around the country — notably repeated excursions to Iowa — have done nothing to silence the presidential talk.

Cruz was born in Calgary, Alberta, Canada, on Dec. 22, 1970, to a Cuban immigrant father and an Irish-American mother. His father fled Cuba in 1957 after fighting on the same side as Fidel Castro against U.S.-friendly dictator Fulgencio Batista, eventually coming to Austin to attend the University of Texas. His mother, a graduate of Rice University, was the second-youngest of 17 children and the first in her family to go to college.

Cruz was raised in Houston — his parents left for a period of time to work in Canada during the 1960s oil boom. He attended various Houston schools, along the way joining a speech team steeped in conservative principles. Cruz graduated from Houston’s Second Baptist High. His wife, Heidi Nelson Cruz, heads the regional wealth management office for Goldman Sachs in Houston. They have 2 young daughters.

As an undergraduate at Princeton University, where he graduated cum laude, Cruz excelled as a debater, winning several national awards. At Harvard Law School, he was editor of the Law Review and Journal of Law & Public Policy and a founding editor of the Latino Law Review. He graduated magna cum laude in 1995 and began his clerkship, first under Judge J. Michael Luttig of the 4th U.S. Court of Appeals, and then, in 1996, under Supreme Court Chief Justice William H. Rehnquist.

After a few years in private practice with Cooper, Carvin & Rosenthal, a high-stakes litigation boutique law firm,Cruz, who had a “a strong desire to work in federal government,” joined the Bush-Cheney campaign in 1999 as a domestic policy adviser. He also worked with the campaign and the GOP on the infamous Florida recount.  After George W. Bush was elected president, Cruz was appointed as an associate deputy attorney general at the U.S. Department of Justice. From 2001 to 2003, Cruz served as director of the Office of Policy Planning for the Federal Trade Commission before moving back to Texas to take up the reins as state solicitor general under Texas Attorney General Greg Abbott, where he served until 2008.  He was the third person to hold that job, and the first Hispanic.

The solicitor general’s office serves an appellate function, arguing cases before both the U.S. and state supreme courts, as well as the 5th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals and intermediate appellate courts. Appealing cases before the highest courts in the land on behalf of a large state generally distrustful of federal overreach naturally put Cruz at the front of some controversial issues. His part in the successful defense of keeping the “Ten Commandments Monument” on state Capitol grounds is among the most famous of these cases. Cruz led the team that wrote the brief, but he wasn’t part of oral arguments. Cruz personally argued nine cases before the U.S. Supreme Court and filed more than 80 briefs as solicitor general.

Between 2004 and 2009, Cruz was also an adjunct professor at the University of Texas at Austin School of Law, teaching Supreme Court litigation. In 2008, Cruz returned to the private sector, working as a top litigator for the international law firm of Morgan, Lewis & Bockius.

In 2009, Cruz announced he’d amassed a million-dollar war chest and intended to run for Abbott’s office if his mentor stepped down to run for another office, but Abbott stayed in the attorney general’s office. On Jan. 19, 2011, Cruz announced he was running for Hutchison’s Senate seat. In February, former Dallas Mayor Tom Leppert threw his hat in the ring, and months later, Lt. Gov. David Dewhurst also announced his candidacy. Former football star and TV sports analyst Craig James also joined the race. But most observers saw the race as a two-man battle between Dewhurst and Cruz, with the wealthy and long-serving lieutenant governor as the clear favorite. Both men seemed to verify that impression, trading increasingly hostile barbs and paying little attention to the other candidates. Redistricting delays, which pushed the primary almost two months back, offered Dewhurst’s opponents more time to both raise more money and continue making their cases, reducing the lieutenant governor’s chances for a clean knockout. Just before the May 29 primary, Cruz put $1 million of his own money into his campaign, giving it a needed boost in TV exposure, and it paid off — Dewhurst was the top vote-getter, winning 45 percent compared with Cruz’s 34 percent, but he couldn’t break the threshold to avoid a July 31 runoff.

Cruz, anointed a rising star by leading conservative magazine The National Review, received considerable support in both endorsements and dollars from national groups like the Club for Growth and FreedomWorks. With a combination of their support and a strong grassroots network of Tea Party supporters, Cruz remained competitive with Dewhurst, whose personal fortune has been estimated at close to $200 million.

Meanwhile, the campaign grew increasingly rancorous, with Dewhurst attempting to cast Cruz as an opportunistic lawyer with Beltway ties, while Cruz painted Dewhurst as a go-along, get-along moderate unlikely to bring the fight to Washington to stop federal spending and overreach.

Prominent politicians worked on behalf of both politicians — Gov. Rick Perry, former Arkansas Gov. and onetime presidential candidate Mike Huckabee and nearly every Republican state senator showed their support for Dewhurst, while national Tea Party leaders — Rand Paul, Jim DeMint and Sarah Palin — stumped for Cruz.

Cruz trounced Dewhurst by almost 14 percentage points, or 151,151 votes. More than one million Texas voters cast ballots in the primary runoff.

Cruz faced Democratic nominee Paul Sadler in the Nov. 6 general election, defeating him easily with 57 percent of the votes to Sadler's 41.

His victory over Dewhurst (the Republican primary served as the real contest; beating Sadler was never seriously doubted) appears in retrospect to be a turning point in Texas, and perhaps national, politics — so much so that his name has slipped into the Texas political lexicon as a verb, meaning to out-maneuver and out-work one’s opponent.

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(L-R) U.S. Rep. Filemon Vela, U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz and U.S. Rep. Will Hurd.
(L.-R.) Former Governor Rick Perry, U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz and U.S. Rep. Michael McCaul, R-Austin.
U.S. Housing and Urban Development Secretary Julián Castro (left), U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz and U.S. Rep. Joaquín Castro, D-San Antonio. Republican nominee for president Donald Trump and U.S. Sen Ted Cruz. U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz speaks to the Texas delegation at the 2016 Republican National Convention in Cleveland, Ohio on July 21, 2016. U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz speaks to the Texas delegation at the 2016 Republican National Convention in Cleveland, Ohio on July 21, 2016. U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz speaks to the Texas delegation at the 2016 Republican National Convention in Cleveland, Ohio on July 21, 2016. Former Republican U.S. presidential candidate Ted Cruz speaks during the third
night of the Republican National Convention in Cleveland, Ohio on July 20, 2016. REUTERS/Brian Snyder Former Republican U.S. presidential candidate Cruz speaks as the Texas delegation looks on during the third night of the Republican National Convention in Cleveland, Ohio on July 20, 2016. Former Republican U.S. presidential candidate Ted Cruz arrives to speak during the third night of the Republican National Convention in Cleveland, Ohio on July 20, 2016. U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz addresses the Republican National Convention in Cleveland, Ohio on July 20, 2016. U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz thanks supporters of his failed presidential bid at a waterfront bar along the Cuyahoga River in downtown Cleveland, Ohio on July 20, 2016. U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz thanks supporters of his failed presidential bid at a waterfront bar along the Cuyahoga River in downtown Cleveland, Ohio on July 20, 2016. Dallas Mayor Mike Rawlings shakes Chief of Police David Brown's hand as former President Bush, President Obama, their wives, U.S. Sens. Cornyn and Cruz and others applaud on July 12, 2016. Former presidential candidate and U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz speaks at the state Republican convention in Dallas, Texas on May 14, 2016. Republican U.S. presidential candidate Ted Cruz walks off the stage with his running-mate Carly Fiorina as his young daughters Caroline and Catherine (R) look on after he dropped out of the race for the 2016 Republican U.S. presidential nomination during his Indiana primary night rally in Indianapolis, Indiana on May 3, 2016. Republican U.S. presidential candidate Senator Ted Cruz drops out of the race for the 2016 Republican presidential nomination as his wife Heidi (R) looks on during his Indiana primary night rally in Indianapolis, Indiana, U.S., May 3, 2016. Republican U.S. presidential candidate Ted Cruz announces that he is dropping out of the 2016 race for the Republican presidential nomination as his wife Heidi looks on at his Indiana primary night rally in Indianapolis, Indiana on May 3, 2016. Texas Sen. Ted Cruz announces his withdrawal from the presidential campaign in Indianapolis, Indiana on May 3, 2016. Presidential candidate Ted Cruz stumps in northern Indiana near the Michigan border ahead of Tuesday's primary. U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz on the presidential campaign trail in Winamac, Indiana on May 1, 2016.. Republican U.S. presidential candidate Ted Cruz holds a campaign rally to announce Carly Fiorina as his running mate in Indianapolis, Indiana on April 27, 2016. REUTERS/Aaron Bernstein Republican U.S. presidential candidate Cruz is joined by former Republican candidate Fiorina at press conference after town hall  event at the Faith Assembly of God in Orlando,
Florida on March 11, 2016. Republican U.S. presidential candidate and U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz speaks to supporters during his five state primary night rally in Knightstown, Indiana on
April 26, 2016. Republican U.S. presidential candidate Ted Cruz spoke on April 26, 2016, to supporters in Knightstown, Indiana, during a rally at the Hoosier Gym. U.S. Sen. and presidential candidate Ted Cruz talks to a crowd in Indianapolis, Indiana on April 21, 2016. Republican presidential candidate Ted Cruz attended a Pennsylvania campaign kickoff event at the National Constitution Center in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on April 19, 2016. U.S. Sen. and presidential contender Ted Cruz wears a Yamaka as he speaks to Jewish community leaders at a campaign event in Brooklyn, New York on April 7, 2016. Presidential candidate and U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz speaks at a town hall campaign event at Mekeel Christian Academy in Scotia, New York on April 7, 2016. Businessman Donald Trump and U.S. Sen Ted Cruz at the Fox Business Republican presidential debate in North Charleston, South Carolina on January 14, 2016. Presidential hopeful and U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz on the campaign trail in Wisconsin on April 4, 2016, the day day before the state's primary. U.S. Sen. and presidential candidate Ted Cruz talks to a voter in Wisconsin ahead of that state's Tuesday primary on April 3, 2016. Donald Trump listens to Ted Cruz at the GOP debate at the University of Miami in Miami Florida on March 10, 2016. Billionaire businessman Donald Trump and U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz at the GOP debate in Miami, Florida on March 10, 2016. The remaining four presidential contenders at the GOP debate in Miami, Florida on March 10, 2016. Presidential contender and U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz at the GOP debate in Miami, Florida on March 10, 2016. Presidential contender and U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz at the GOP debate in Miami, Florida on March 10, 2016. U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz at the GOP presidential debate in Detroit, Michigan on March 3, 2016. U.S. Sens.Ted Cruz at the GOP presidential debate in Detroit, Michigan on March 3, 2016. Marco Rubio, Donald Trump and Ted Cruz at the GOP presidential debate in Detroit, Michigan on March 3, 2016. Donald Trump faces forward as other presidential candidates head to their debate podiums in Detroit, Michigan on March 3, 2016. Billionaire businessman Donald Trump flanked by U.S. Sens. Marco Rubio (l.) and Ted Cruz at the GOP presidential debate in Detroit, Michigan on March 3, 2016. Businessman Donald Trump and U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz at the GOP presidential debate in Detroit, Michigan on March 3, 2016. U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz on stage at the Redneck Country Club in Stafford, Texas on the evening of the Texas primary on Mar. 1, 2016. U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz on stage at the Redneck Country Club in Stafford, Texas on the evening of the Texas primary on Mar. 1, 2016. U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz on stage at the Redneck Country Club in Stafford, Texas on the evening of the Texas primary on Mar. 1, 2016. Supporters wait for U.S. Senator Ted Cruz to take the stage at the Red Neck Country Club in Stafford TX, on Super Tuesday, Mar. 1, 2016. Supporters wait for U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz to take the stage at the Redneck Country Club in Stafford, Texas on the evening of the Texas primary on Mar. 1, 2016. Former Gov. Rick Perry campaigns for Ted Cruz in San Antonio a day ahead of Super Tuesday, Feb 29, 2016. Ted Cruz campaigns in San Antonio a day ahead of Super Tuesday, Feb 29, 2016. GOP presidential candidate Ted Cruz spoke to reporters on March 1, 2016, in Houston after voting in the Texas primary. Ted Cruz, flanked by Gov. Greg Abbott and former Governor Rick Perry, campaigns in San Antonio a day ahead of Super Tuesday, Feb 29, 2016. U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz of Texas during a campaign rally at Gilley's in Dallas on Feb. 29, 2016. Heidi Cruz campaigns for her husband in Beaumont, Texas on Friday, February 26, 2016. Billionaire businessman and presidential hopeful Donald Trump received the endorsement of New Jersey Gov. Chris Christie, right, at a campaign rally at the Fort Worth Convention Center on Feb. 26, 2016. Presidential candidates Marco Rubio, Donald Trump and Ted Cruz at the GOP debate in Houston, Texas on Feb. 25, 2016. Texas Senator Ted Cruz at the GOP presidential debate in Houston, Texas on Feb. 25, 2016. Billionaire businessman Donald Trump and U.S. Sen Ted Cruz at the GOP debate in Houston, Texas on Feb. 25, 2016. Presidential candidates Donald Trump and U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz at the GOP debate in Houston, Texas on Feb. 25, 2016. GOP presidential hopefuls before the debate gets underway in Houston, Texas on Feb. 25, 2016. GOP presidential candidates listen to the "Star Spangled Banner" before the University of Houston debate on Feb. 25, 2016. The remaining GOP presidential hopefuls debate in Houston on Feb. 25, 2106. Protestors outside at the Republican debate at the University of Houston Thursday February 25, 2016. Ted Cruz takes the stage at an Election Night party in Columbia, S.C., following his third-place finish in the Feb. 20 GOP South Carolina primary. Ted Cruz campaigns in Seneca, South Carolina on Feb. 17, 2016. U.S. Sen. and GOP presidential hopeful Ted Cruz boards the decommissioned battleship USS Yorktown in Mount Pleasant, South Carolina, to deliver a speech on foreign policy on Feb. 16, 2016. U.S. Sens. and presidential candidates Ted Cruz and Marco Rubio at the GOP debate in Greenville, South Carolina on Feb. 13, 2016. U.S. Sen and presidential candidate Ted Cruz and billionaire businessman Donald Trump at GOP debate in Greenville, South Carolina on Feb. 13, 2016. U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz is shown at the Republican presidential debate in Greenville, S.C., on Feb. 13, 2016. U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz speaks to supporters in Hollis, New Hampshire, after his apparent third-place showing in the state's Republican presidential primary on Feb. 9, 2016. Republican Presidential Candidate and Texas Sen. Ted Cruz speaks with supporters in Hollis, New Hampshire after his third place finish in the primary on Feb. 9, 2016. Republican Presidential Candidate and Texas Sen. Ted Cruz speaks with supporters in Hollis, New Hampshire after his third place finish in the primary on Feb. 9, 2016. U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz speaks to supporters in Hollis, New Hampshire, after an apparent third-place showing in the state's Republican presidential primary on Feb. 9, 2016. U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz speaks to supporters in Hollis, New Hampshire, after an apparent third-place showing in the state's Republican presidential primary on Feb. 9, 2016. U.S. Sen. and presidential hopeful Ted Cruz campaigns in Raymond, New Hampshire a day ahead of the primary. Texas Sen. and Republican presidential candidate Ted Cruz held a town hall meeting at the Peterborough Town Hall on Sunday, Feb. 7, 2016. He brought Hank Suprun, 9, of Dallas, up to ask his question. Suprun and his family made a special trip to New Hampshire to learn more about the primary. Texas Sen. and Republican presidential candidate Ted Cruz held a town hall meeting at the Peterborough Town Hall on Sunday, Feb. 7, 2016. Texas Sen. and Republican presidential candidate Ted Cruz held a town hall meeting at the Peterborough Town Hall on Sunday, Feb. 7, 2016. Presidential candidates Donald Trump and Ted Cruz at the GOP debate at Saint Anselm College  in Manchester, New Hampshire on Feb. 6, 2016. Presidential hopeful and U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz at the GOP debate at Saint Anselm College in Manchester, New Hampshire on Feb. 6, 2016. Presidential hopefuls Ben Carson and Ted Cruz at the GOP debate at Saint Anselm Collegepeopl in Manchester, New Hampshire on Feb. 6, 2016. Supporters gather to see Sen. Ted Cruz and to await the results of the Republican caucus at the Iowa State Fairgrounds in Des Moines, Iowa on February 1, 2016. Supporters gather to see Sen. Ted Cruz and to await the results of the Republican caucus at the Iowa State Fairgrounds in Des Moines, Iowa on Feb 1, 2016. Supporters gather to see Sen. Ted Cruz and to await the results of the Republican caucus at the Iowa State Fairgrounds in Des Moines, Iowa on Feb 1, 2016. Supporters gather to see Sen. Ted Cruz and to await the results of the Republican caucus at the Iowa State Fairgrounds in Des Moines, Iowa on Feb 1, 2016. U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz of Texas speaking to a crowd of supporters after winning Iowa's caucuses on Feb 1, 2016. Presidential hopeful Ted Cruz speaks at a rally the night before the Iowa Caucus at the Johnson County Fairgrounds in Iowa City, Iowa on Jan. 31, 2016. Two days ahead of the Iowa Caucus, presidential candidate Ted Cruz talks to the press at Western Iowa Tech Community College in Sioux City, Iowa on Jan. 30, 2016. U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz of Texas on his tour bus near Ames, Iowa on Jan. 30, 2016. Former West Des Moines, Iowa USA Jan. 27, 2016: Texas Governor Rick Perry fires up the crowd before West Des Moines, Iowa USA Jan. 27, 2016: Texas Sen. Ted Cruz speaks to evangelicals in West Des Moines, Iowa on the eve of the final Republican debate before next week's caucuses.  Cruz has challenged leader Donald Trump to a Saturday night showing when Trump declined to show for tomorrow's debate. Ted Cruz speaks at 3 Generations Bar & Grill in Ringsted, Iowa on Friday, January 29. Presidential contender and U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz at the Fox News - Google GOP debate in Des Moines, Iowa on Jan. 28, 2016. Presidential contender and U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz at the Fox News - Google GOP debate in Des Moines, Iowa on Jan. 28, 2016. Republican U.S. presidential candidates pose together onstage at the start of the debate held by Fox News for the top 2016 U.S. Republican presidential candidates in Des Moines, Iowa on Jan. 28, 2016. Presidential contender and U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz at the Fox News - Google GOP debate in Des Moines, Iowa on Jan. 28, 2016. Ted Cruz greets supporters after a rally Wednesday in West Des Moines, Iowa. The Republican presidential candidate is barnstorming the state ahead of its first-in-the-nation caucuses Monday. Former Gov. Rick Perry and U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz spoke to reporters on Jan. 26, 2016, in Albia, Iowa. Perry, a former 2016 candidate for president, endorsed Cruz's presidential bid on Jan. 25, 2016. Presidential candidate Ted Cruz talks to the press in Manchester, Iowa on Monday, Jan. 25, 2016. Ted Cruz speaks with Iowans on Saturday in New Hartford, a small town near Waterloo. The stop was part of the first day of the Republican presidential candidate's last swing through the state before the Feb. 1 caucuses. Ted Cruz speaks with reporters Saturday in Ankeny, Iowa, after receiving the endorsement of conservative radio host Glenn Beck. The Republican presidential candidate visited Ankeny to launch his final tour of Iowa before its Feb. 1 caucuses. Republican presidential candidate Ben Carson (l.) and Carson campaign volunteer Braden Joplin, a 25-year-old student at Texas Tech University who was killed in a wreck on icy Iowa roads on Jan. 19, 2016. Presidential hopeful U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz talks to prospective voters in Milford, New Hampshire on Jan. 18, 2016. U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz campaigns in Keene, New Hampshire on Jan. 18, 2016. Republican U.S. presidential candidates Donald Trump (l.) and Ted Cruz at the Fox Business Network Republican presidential candidates debate in North Charleston, South Carolina on Jan. 14, 2016. Republican U.S. presidential candidates Donald Trump (left) and Ted Cruz at the Fox Business Network Republican presidential candidates debate in North Charleston, S.C., on Jan. 14, 2016. Republican U.S. presidential candidates Donald Trump (l.) and Ted Cruz at the Fox Business Network Republican presidential candidates debate in North Charleston, South Carolina on Jan. 14, 2016. Ted Cruz signs a poster Tuesday after a rally in Hudson, New Hampshire. The Republican presidential candidate returned to the state for the first time in two months. GOP Presidential contenders Donald Trump and Ted Cruz. Presidential candidate Ted Cruz stumps in Pocahontas, Iowa during a pre-caucus tour on Jan. 7, 2016. Republican presidential candidates and U.S. Senators Ted Cruz of Texas and Marco Rubio of Florida. Presidential contender Ted Cruz talks to the press in Rock Rapids, Iowa on Jan. 6, 2016. Presidential candidate Ted Cruz's campaign website raising money after President Obama outlined executive action on gun sales. Presidential contender Ted Cruz's first TV ad for New Hampshire depicts bankers, lawyers and journalists fleeing across the border. U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz speaks to a crowd gathered at Prime Time Restaurant in Guthrie Center, Iowa, on Monday, Jan. 4, 2016. Sen. Ted Cruz's campaign bus is parked in downtown Guthrie Center, Iowa on Monday, January 4, 2016. Sen. Ted Cruz does an interview with Fox News' Sean Hannity before a campaign stop at Prime Time Restaurant in Guthrie Center, Iowa on Monday, January 4, 2016. U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz speaks to a crowd gathered at Kings Christian Bookstore in Boone, Iowa, on Jan. 4, 2016. Cruz kicked off a six-day, 28-county bus tour across Iowa in a push to reach out to voters before the state's first-in-the-nation caucus on Feb. 1. U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz speaks to a crowd gathered at Kings Christian Bookstore in Boone, Iowa, on Jan. 4, 2016. Cruz kicked off a six-day, 28-county bus tour across Iowa in a push to reach out to voters before the state's first-in-the-nation caucus on Feb. 1. U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz speaks to a crowd gathered at Kings Christian Bookstore in Boone, Iowa, on Jan. 4, 2016. Cruz kicked off a six-day, 28-county bus tour across Iowa in a push to reach out to voters before the state's first-in-the-nation caucus on Feb. 1. U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz speaks to members of the press before a campaign speech at Kings Christian Bookstore in Boone, Iowa, on Jan. 4, 2016. Cruz kicked off a six-day, 28-county bus tour across Iowa in a push to reach out to voters before the state's first-in-the-nation caucus on Feb. 1. U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz arrived Jan. 4 at the first stop on a six-day tour of Iowa. The Republican presidential candidate was set to visit 28 counties by bus. Presidential contender Ted Cruz speaks to the press in Cisco, Texas on Dec. 29, 2015. Republican presidential candidate Ted Cruz greets supporters Sunday after a rally in Trussville, Alabama. The Texas senator is on a weeklong tour of nine mostly southern states. Republican presidential candidate Ted Cruz speaks with reporters before a rally Saturday in Daphne, Alabama. The Texas senator visited the town as part of a weeklong tour of nine mostly southern states. U.S. Senators and GOP presidential hopefuls Ted Cruz, left, and Marco Rubio. GOP presidential hopefuls (l-r) Marco Rubio, Ben Carson, Donald Trump, Ted Cruz and Jeb Bush pledge allegiance at the CNN debate in Las Vegas, Nevada on Dec. 15, 2105. U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz is shown speaking at the CNN presidential debate in Las Vegas on Dec. 15, 2015. U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz at the CNN presidential debate in Las Vegas, Nevada on Dec. 15, 2015. U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz at the CNN presidential debate in Las Vegas, Nevada on Dec. 15, 2015. U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz at the CNN presidential debate in Las Vegas, Nevada on Dec. 15, 2015. GOP presidential contenders Donald Trump and U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz at the CNN debate in Las Vegas, Nevada on Dec. 15, 2015. GOP presidential contenders Donald Trump and U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz at the CNN debate in Las Vegas, Nevada on Dec. 15, 2015. U.S. Sen. and presidential contender Ted Cruz campaigns in Greenville, South Carolina on Dec. 7, 2015. Sen. Ted Cruz phonebanking in Greenville, South Carolina on Dec. 7, 2015. Sen. Ted Cruz phonebanking in Greenville, South Carolina on Dec. 7, 2015. U.S. Sen. and presidential candidate Ted Cruz at a presidential town hall hosted by Sen. Tim Scott, R-S.C., (r.) at Furman University in Greenville, S.C. on Dec. 7, 2015. U.S. Sen. and presidential candidate Ted Cruz at a presidential town hall hosted by Sen. Tim Scott, R-S.C., (r.) at Furman University in Greenville, S.C. on Dec. 7, 2015. Republican presidential candidate Ted Cruz addresses voters in a new TV ad airing in Iowa. In the 30-second spot starting Saturday, Cruz promises to never "apologize for America." U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz speaks with reporters during an event in Iowa on Nov. 28, 2015. U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz, left, speaks at a campaign event on Nov. 28, 2015, in Iowa as U.S. Rep. Louie Gohmert, far right, looks on. U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz takes questions after The Family Leader's Presidential Family Forum on Nov. 20, 2015, in Des Moines, Iowa. Rep. Steve King, R-Iowa, greets Sen. Ted Cruz at King's annual pheasant hunt at the Hole N' the Wall Lodge in Akron, Iowa on Saturday, October 31, 2015. Ted Cruz greets supporters at Bob Jones University in Greenville, South Carolina on Nov. 14, 2015. Ted Cruz speaks to reporters on the campus of Bob Jones University in Greenville, S.C. on Nov. 14, 2015. Republican U.S. presidential candidate Dr. Ben Carson (L) listens as U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz speaks at the Republican presidential candidates debate in Milwaukee, Wisconsin on Nov. 10, 2015. The eight candidates that made the main event cut at the fourth GOP debate in Milwaukee, Wisconsin on November 10, 2015. Presidential candidate and U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz at the fourth GOP debate in Milwaukee, Wisconsin on November 10, 2015. Presidential candidate and U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz at the fourth GOP debate in Milwaukee, Wisconsin on November 10, 2015. Presidential candidate and U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz at the fourth GOP debate in Milwaukee, Wisconsin on November 10, 2015. Sen. Ted Cruz at the Republican debate in Milwaukee, Wisconsin on Nov. 10, 2015. U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz, R-Texas, meets with members of the Texas Federation of Republican Women after addressing the group Saturday in Lubbock. Cruz was the only presidential candidate to speak at the biennial convention of the organization. Tyler Norris, left, speaks to a Cruz campaign volunteer. Tyler Norris (r.) with U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz's father, Rafael Cruz. Tyler Norris, newly-hired Texas state director for U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz's presidential campaign. U.S. Rep. Steve King, R-Iowa, U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz, R-Texas, and U.S. Rep. Jeff Duncan, R-South Carolina, at King's annual pheasant hunt at the Hole N' the Wall Lodge in Akron, Iowa, on Oct. 31. In November, King, an influential conservative, endorsed Cruz for president. U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz, R-Texas, at U.S. Rep. Steve King's annual pheasant hunt at the Hole N' the Wall Lodge in Akron, Iowa, on Saturday, Oct. 31, 2015. Sen. Ted Cruz and Rep. Jeff Duncan, R-SC, walk through the field at Rep. Steve King's annual pheasant hunt at the Hole N' the Wall Lodge in Akron, Iowa on Saturday, October 31, 2015. Sen. Ted Cruz and Iowa Rep. Steve King walk along the field at King's annual pheasant hunt at the Hole N' the Wall Lodge in Akron, Iowa on Saturday, October 31, 2015. U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz, R-Texas, and U.S. Rep. Steve King, R-Iowa. Jeb Bush and Ted Cruz. Texas Sen. Ted Cruz and New Jersey Governor Chris Christie at the third GOP presidential debate in Boulder, Colorado, on Oct. 28, 2015. Carly Fiorina and Ted Cruz took part in the third debate among Republican presidential candidates in Boulder, Colorado, on Oct. 28, 2015. Sen. Ted Cruz at the third GOP debate, held in Boulder, Colorado, on Oct. 28, 2015. The third GOP presidential debate in Boulder, Colorado on Oct. 28, 2015. Sen. Ted Cruz at the third GOP presidential debate in Boulder, Colorado on Oct. 28, 2015. Sen. Ted Cruz at the third GOP presidential debate in Boulder, Colorado on Oct. 28, 2015. Alfonso Aguilar, executive director of the American Principles Project's Latino Partnership, in Boulder, Colorado on Oct. 27, 2015. U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz and Lt. Gov. Dan Patrick U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz speaks at Prestonwood Baptist Church on Oct. 18 2015. Presidential contenders and U.S. Sens. Rand Paul (l) and Ted Cruz. U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz, R-Texas, holds a meet and greet at a Pizza Ranch restaurant Monday in Rockwell City, Iowa. While campaigning for president earlier in the day in Fort Dodge, he said it would be "lunacy" for party leaders to mess with the 2020 primary schedule. U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz, R-Texas, speaks with Iowans on Saturday at a restaurant in Hampton. The 2016 presidential candidate discussed the resignation of U.S. House Speaker John Boehner and what it means for the White House race. Presidential contender and U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz speaks with a supporter at the opening of his first Iowa office in Urbandale, Iowa on Sept. 26, 2015. U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz at the CNN Presidential Debate in Simi Valley, California on Sept. 16, 2015. CJ Pearson, the 13-year-old chairman of Teens for Ted. U.S. Sens. Elizabeth Warren, D-Massachusetts, and Ted Cruz, R-Texas. Ted Cruz speaks during his presidential campaign rally at the Fort Worth Stockyards on Sept. 3, 2015. Ted Cruz speaks during his presidential campaign rally at the Fort Worth Stockyards on Sept. 3, 2015. Campaign swag sits on display at a Ted Cruz rally at the Fort Worth Stockyards on  Sep. 3, 2015. Ted Cruz speaks during his presidential campaign rally at the Fort Worth Stockyards on Sept. 3, 2015. U.S. senator and presidential hopeful Ted Cruz at the Rally for Religious Liberty in Des Moines, Iowa, on Aug. 21, 2015. Senator and presidential candidate Ted Cruz at the "Rally for Religious Liberty" in Des Moines, Iowa, on August 21, 2015. U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz, R-Texas, speaks with reporters during a presidential campaign stop in Olive Branch, Mississippi. Cruz is touring the South this week in hopes of building support for the so-called "SEC primary" set for March 1, 2016. U.S. Sens. Kirsten Gillibrand, D-N.Y., Ted Cruz, R-Texas, joined fellow Sen. Charles Grassley (left), R-Iowa, ahead of a July 16, 2015, Capitol news conference on legislation creating a process for reviewing cases of military sexual assault and alleviating victims' fears of reporting an incident. Texas Senator and GOP presidential hopeful Ted Cruz at the GOP debate in Cleveland, Ohio on August 6, 2015. Texas Senator and GOP presidential hopeful Ted Cruz at the GOP debate in Cleveland, Ohio on August 6, 2015. Ted Cruz at Drake University in Des Moines, Iowa on June 27, 2015. Ted Cruz at Drake University in Des Moines, Iowa on June 27, 2015. Ted Cruz at Drake University in Des Moines, Iowa, on June 27, 2015. U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz, R-Texas, talks to Iowans at a bakery in Orange City. The 2016 presidential candidate visited the early-vote state Friday. U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz, R-Texas, holds a news conference Tuesday in Edinburg after a briefing with law enforcement officials. The 2016 presidential candidate was visiting the Rio Grande Valley for a fundraiser. Rafael Cruz, father of U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz, accompanies his son at a campaign forum at the Peace Center in Greenville, South Carolina on Saturday, May 9, 2015. U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz talks to supporters at the Peace Center in Greenville, S.C., on May 9, 2015. U.S. Sen. and presidential candidate Ted Cruz speaks at the National Rifle Association's annual meeting in Nashville, Tenn. on Friday, April 10, 2015. U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz speaks to supporters with his father Rafael, his wife Heidi and their children outside his new presidential campaign headquarters in Houston on March 31, 2015. U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz speaks to supporters with his father Rafael, left, and wife Heidi, back, outside his new presidential campaign headquarters in Houston on Tuesday, March 31, 2015. U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz, who announced he's running for president on March 23rd, 2015. Sen. Ted Cruz campaigns in a Barrington, N.H. manufacturing plant. U.S. Sen Ted Cruz gives a speech at the Iowa Freedom Summit in Des Moines, Iowa, on Jan. 24, 2015. U.S. Sen. speaks at the Iowa Freedom Summit in Des Moines, Iowa on Jan. 24, 2015. During a stop at the Spindletop Museum in Beaumont, U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz pitched his energy policy bill, which he calls the American Energy Renaissance Act. During a stop at the Spindletop Museum in Beaumont, U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz pitched his energy policy bill, which he calls the American Energy Renaissance Act. U.S. Senator Ted Cruz and rock musician Ted Nugent. U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz holding a press conference at the Anzalduas International Bridge in Mission surrounded by a group of local ranchers who said they've been affected by poor border security.

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