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The Texas Tribune-ProPublica Investigative Unit

Texas has spent billions of dollars on border security. But what taxpayers got in return is a mystery.

Since 2005, Texas Govs. Rick Perry and Greg Abbott have launched a multitude of widely publicized and costly border initiatives, which usually kicked off during their reelection campaigns or while they were considering bids for higher office.


Department of Public Safety agents arrest an undocumented migrant for trespassing private property as part of Operation Lone…

2005: Operation Linebacker

2006: Operation Rio Grande

2007: Operation Wrangler 

2007: Operation Border Star 

2012: Operation Drawbridge 

2013: Operation Strong Safety

2014: Operation Strong Safety II

2015: Operation Secure Texas 

2021: Operation Lone Star 

A military vehicle next to the riverbank that was recently cleared up can be seen in Del Rio, Texas on Nov. 10, 2021. There …

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