Editor's note: This story has been updated throughout.

Seven first responders filed a lawsuit Thursday against the company whose Crosby, Texas, plant broke out in a series of chemical fires last week as a result of taking on six feet of Hurricane Harvey floodwaters. And a second lawsuit is expected in the coming weeks.

The suit against Arkema Inc. claims that when they responded to the first of a series of fires at the manufacturing plant on Aug. 31, they were not warned of “toxic fumes” that caused “severe bodily injuries.” 

The plaintiffs, who include police officers and medical personnel, say in the lawsuit that when they were dispatched to the Harvey-flooded Arkema chemical plant in the early hours of Aug. 31, they were not alerted that more than one explosion had already taken place. Exposed to strong fumes, they “began to fall ill in the middle of the road,” and “police officers were doubled over vomiting, unable to breathe.” The suit also states that medical personnel “became overwhelmed, and they began to vomit and gasp for air.”

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According to the Harris County Sheriff's Office, 15 sheriff’s deputies were sent to the hospital and released later on the morning of Aug. 31. Company officials described that smoke as “a non-toxic irritant,” and Harris County officials compared it to what escapes a campfire or barbecue pit.

Company officials, as well as state and federal government agencies, have maintained over the last week that they have not found “toxic concentration levels in areas away from the evacuated facility.”

The lawsuit specifically calls out Arkema executives Richard Rowe and Richard Rennard for “repeatedly [denying] that the chemicals were toxic or harmful in any manner to the people, and first responders, in the community.”

“Plaintiffs relied upon those representations and suffered serious bodily injuries as a result,” the suit claims.

In a statement, Arkema spokesman Stan Howard disputed that allegation and pledged that the company will “vigorously defend a lawsuit that we believe is gravely mistaken.”

“We reject any suggestion that we failed to warn of the danger of breathing the smoke from the fires at our site, or that we ever misled anyone,” Howard said Thursday.

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The company has been criticized for its refusal to disclose certain chemical safety documents. Rowe has described this as an attempt "to balance the public's right to know with the public's right to be secure."

The plaintiffs are seeking more than $1 million, according to the suit. Mo Aziz, a Houston attorney representing the first responders, said it would be premature to issue a more precise estimate. 

On Thursday, the plaintiffs were granted a temporary order restraining Arkema from destroying any evidence before the case goes to trial — a measure Aziz described as a “precaution.” That order is in effect until Sept. 22, after which lawyers will seek a permanent injunction, he said.

Aziz also said that another lawsuit from roughly 20 homeowners in the area — who were evacuated for nearly a week while the company intentionally ignited thousands of pounds of degrading organic peroxides — is likely to be filed in the next several weeks. 

That suit would probably come after lawyers obtain chemical testing from the region, Aziz — who litigated nearly 100 cases related to the deadly 2013 chemical explosion in West, Texas — explained.

Fires at the Crosby plant occurred in the aftermath of Hurricane Harvey, whose floodwaters took out the plant’s primary and backup sources of power. Without refrigeration, organic peroxides in the plant began to degrade, culminating in a series of explosions beginning Aug. 31 and continuing over the next several days, with flames and black smoke extending more than 40 feet into the air.

Residents who live within the 1.5-mile mandatory evacuation radius of the plant were allowed to return to their homes earlier this week.

Read related Tribune coverage:

  • Arkema Inc. said the Harris County Emergency Operations Center notified the company at 2 a.m. Thursday of explosions and black smoke coming from its Crosby plant, which was inundated by Hurricane Harvey's floodwaters. [Full story]

  • After explosions in a Crosby chemical plant, the public had no option but to trust government and company assurances that billowing smoke presented little danger. [Full story]

  • As chemicals heat up in a Crosby manufacturing plant, a large-scale fire or explosion looks increasingly likely. [Full story]

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