Tribpedia: Texas-Mexico Border

The Texas-Mexico border makes up 1,254 miles of the 1,900-mile-long U.S.-Mexico border. 

The vast, mostly rural expanse stretches from El Paso in the West to Brownsville in the Southeast and is delineated by the Rio Grande River.

Border communities in Texas are some of the poorest regions of the state and the nation. If Texas ...

A municipal police officer at a crime scene in Ciudad Juarez, Mexico. The municipal police force was recently "purged" under the new chief of police Julien Leyzaola.
A municipal police officer at a crime scene in Ciudad Juarez, Mexico. The municipal police force was recently "purged" under the new chief of police Julien Leyzaola.

Is Ciudad Juárez on the brink of a new gang war?

October was the deadliest month in Ciudad Juárez in nearly three years. Locals are anxious — and hopeful they're not witnessing a resurgence of the brutal drug war that plagued this Mexican border city from 2008 to 2011.

A DPS trooper spots a motorist along Highway 83 in Starr County.
A DPS trooper spots a motorist along Highway 83 in Starr County.

Many border drug smugglers avoid prison in Texas

In two key counties, less than a quarter of the “high-threat criminals” arrested by Department of Public Safety troopers for felony drug offenses during the state’s border surge have been sent to prison.

45-year-old Nickolas Mares is described by DPS as a “high-threat criminal,” though he only faced a drug possession charge. He can hardly speak from a stroke and lives with his mother in Rio Grande City.
45-year-old Nickolas Mares is described by DPS as a “high-threat criminal,” though he only faced a drug possession charge. He can hardly speak from a stroke and lives with his mother in Rio Grande City.

Most border arrests by Texas troopers are not for drug smuggling

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DPS has added more troopers to the border under the assumed objective that they're going after drug and human smugglers. But most of their arrests are for drunk driving and misdemeanor drug possession. 

U.S. Sen. John Cornyn, R-Texas, operating a crane at the Port of Houston Authority on November 1, 2016. The port is ranked first in the country for imports and exports, and second for overall tonnage.
U.S. Sen. John Cornyn, R-Texas, operating a crane at the Port of Houston Authority on November 1, 2016. The port is ranked first in the country for imports and exports, and second for overall tonnage.

Texas lawmakers hope election rhetoric doesn't swamp beneficial trade deals

Trade has become an emotional hot-button issue this presidential election year, and some Texas lawmakers are worried about what that means for the future of the state's trade climate. 

Trump protesters speak with San Antonio police office outside Hyatt Hotel in San Antonio where Republican Presidential nominee Donald Trump was expected to attend a fundraiser on October 11, 2016
Trump protesters speak with San Antonio police office outside Hyatt Hotel in San Antonio where Republican Presidential nominee Donald Trump was expected to attend a fundraiser on October 11, 2016

Can an anti-Trump surge of voters sway Texas?

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Texas is expected to go Republican this year, as it has in every presidential election since 1980. But Democrats have watched a turnout surge wash over the state’s most urban, least white areas.

Meet some of the Central Americans who are fleeing violence and abject poverty at home, only to endure shakedowns and abuse on their way to an uncertain future in the United States. This mini-documentary is part of our Bordering on Insecurity project.

 

To Die or to Leave: Migrants Flee the Murder Capital of the World

Meet some of the Central Americans who are fleeing violence and abject poverty at home, only to endure shakedowns and abuse on their way to an uncertain future in the United States. This mini-documentary is part of our Bordering on Insecurity project.

 

Texas Agriculture Commissioner Sid Miller, right, hosts Tamaulipas Gov.-elect Francisco Garcia Cabeza de Vaca on Wednesday at the Texas Department of Agriculture’s office in Austin to discuss agriculture issues along the Texas/Tamaulipas border, economic development in the Rio Grande Valley of Texas, immigration and border security.
Texas Agriculture Commissioner Sid Miller, right, hosts Tamaulipas Gov.-elect Francisco Garcia Cabeza de Vaca on Wednesday at the Texas Department of Agriculture’s office in Austin to discuss agriculture issues along the Texas/Tamaulipas border, economic development in the Rio Grande Valley of Texas, immigration and border security.

Texas-Born Mexican Politician Pledges to Work with Lone Star State Leaders

During a trip to Austin Wednesday, Francisco Garcia Cabeza de Vaca, the governor-elect of Tamaulipas, got a head start on improving the relationship between Mexico and Texas.

Former and current lawmakers gather at the Texas Capitol showing their support for HB 1403 which passed in 2001 ensuring that all Texas would have access to in-state college tuition regardless of immigration status.
Former and current lawmakers gather at the Texas Capitol showing their support for HB 1403 which passed in 2001 ensuring that all Texas would have access to in-state college tuition regardless of immigration status.

Dan Patrick Again Targeting In-State Tuition For Undocumented Students

When Texas lawmakers meet next year, Lt. Gov. Dan Patrick is promising to again target a 2001 law that lets some undocumented immigrants pay in-state college tuition.

The Luna brothers, including Border Patrol agent Joel (center), were indicted on capital murder and organized crime charges in the 2015 beheading death of a Honduran immigrant. Eldest brother Fernando (right) struck a deal with prosecutors on Aug. 25, 2016, and the most serious charges against him were dropped. Now the focus has shifted to the alleged Gulf Cartel ties of youngest brother Eduardo (left).
The Luna brothers, including Border Patrol agent Joel (center), were indicted on capital murder and organized crime charges in the 2015 beheading death of a Honduran immigrant. Eldest brother Fernando (right) struck a deal with prosecutors on Aug. 25, 2016, and the most serious charges against him were dropped. Now the focus has shifted to the alleged Gulf Cartel ties of youngest brother Eduardo (left).

In Beheading Case, Focus Shifts to Cartel Ties of Border Patrol Agent's Brother

New disclosures in the capital murder case involving a U.S. Border Patrol agent point to the central role allegedly played by the agent's younger brother, described in court papers as a Gulf Cartel “commander.” 

Immigrants and activists participate in press conference and rally on Nov. 19, 2015, before a 37-mile march to show support for immigration reform. The marchers planned to walk for three days, from the federal immigration detention facility in Taylor to the Texas Governor's Mansion in downtown Austin.
Immigrants and activists participate in press conference and rally on Nov. 19, 2015, before a 37-mile march to show support for immigration reform. The marchers planned to walk for three days, from the federal immigration detention facility in Taylor to the Texas Governor's Mansion in downtown Austin.

DACA Gave Thousands of Undocumented Texans Hope. Will it Survive November?

Undocumented immigrants in Texas are taking a glass-half-full approach as a 2012 initiative that has benefited hundreds of thousands of immigrants marks its four-year anniversary. But will that optimism last after the November election?

Yasmanny Alcantara, 20, sits in front of a mural near the home of Cuban artist Jose Fuster.
Yasmanny Alcantara, 20, sits in front of a mural near the home of Cuban artist Jose Fuster.

Starbucks in Havana? Close, But No Cigar

After more than 50 years of tension, normalizing relations between the United States and Cuba is going to take a while, and businesses eager to trade with the island nation best be patient, officials say.

A U.S. Army soldier of the Texas Army National Guard and U.S. Border Patrol Agent Chad Wamsley observe as Ricky I, a Belgian Malinois detection dog, checks a tractor-trailer for indications of drugs or concealed people at the U.S. Border Patrol's Interstate 35 checkpoint north of Laredo, Texas, on July 14, 2006.
A U.S. Army soldier of the Texas Army National Guard and U.S. Border Patrol Agent Chad Wamsley observe as Ricky I, a Belgian Malinois detection dog, checks a tractor-trailer for indications of drugs or concealed people at the U.S. Border Patrol's Interstate 35 checkpoint north of Laredo, Texas, on July 14, 2006.

What Are Your Rights at U.S.-Mexico Border Patrol Checkpoints?

Under federal law, checkpoints are legal. But officers do have limits in what they can ask you. What questions do you have about the U.S.-Mexico border? Share it with our reporters.