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Texas National Guard soldiers check concertina wire fence where migrants must cross through to turn themselves into Border Patrol in El Paso, Texas, as seen from Ciudad Juarez, Chihuahua state, Mexico on June 1, 2024.
Operation Lone Star

Texas National Guard is shooting pepper balls to deter migrants at the border

Migrants in Mexico said they’ve been shot by the rounds, which leave bruises and disperse a chemical irritant. The state says Guard members are trained not to aim directly at people.

Migrants walk through the mostly dry river bed of the Rio Grande to concertina wire guarded by Texas National Guard soldiers along the U.S.-Mexico border in Ciudad Juarez, Chihuahua state, Mexico on May 27, 2024. Migrants trying to cross into El Paso, must first make it through an area between concertina wire and the border wall, and not be caught by Texas National Guard soldiers, in order to turn themselves in to Border Patrol.
Dr. Brian Elmore, who runs Clinica Hope, which gives medical care, food and water to migrants who are waiting to cross the border along the U.S.-Mexico border, speaks to migrants requesting medical attention in Ciudad Juarez, Chihuahua state, Mexico on June 1, 2024. Elmore is an emergency medical physician at University Medical Center Hospital in El Paso, and comes across migrants who get injured on the border often in the Emergency Room he works.

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