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The Texas Rangers' lore spurred cultural fawning and sports namesakes that have long masked a history of violence and racism

This year's prevalent and ongoing protests against police brutality have sparked calls for the Rangers' name to be stricken from the modern-day Texas Department of Public Safety investigative agency, North Texas’ Major League Baseball team and college mascots.

Arlinda Valencia, 68, holds a photograph taken in 1918 of her great-grandfather Longino Flores, left, great-grandmother Juana Bonilla Flores, center, and aunt Rosa Flores Mesa, right, while she poses for a portrait at her home in Horizon City, Texas, on Thursday, August, 6, 2020. Longino Flores was among the 15 men and boys killed in the 1918 Porvenir massacre. Juana Bonilla Flores would later take her own life two years after the massacre following a battle with post-traumatic stress disorder according to Arlinda Valencia. Photo credit: Joel Angel Juarez for The Texas Tribune
Dr. John Morán González, director of the Center for Mexican American Studies and associate professor at the English Department at The University of Texas at Austin, on Aug. 6, 2020 in Austin.
Former Land Commissioner and State Sen. Jerry Patterson holds up a Winchester Model 1895 carbine, a model favored by the Texas Rangers. Aug. 6, 2020.

The role of media

Reforming Texas history curricula

Dr. John Morán González, director of the Center for Mexican American Studies and associate professor at the English Department at The University of Texas at Austin, on Aug. 6, 2020 in Austin.

Modern issues

Arlinda Valencia, 68, holds a photograph taken in 1918 of her great-grandfather Longino Flores, left, great-grandmother Juana Bonilla Flores, center, and aunt Rosa Flores Mesa, right, while she poses for a portrait at her home in Horizon City, Texas, on Thursday, August, 6, 2020. Longino Flores was among the 15 men and boys killed in the 1918 Porvenir massacre. Juana Bonilla Flores would later take her own life two years after the massacre following a battle with post-traumatic stress disorder according to Arlinda Valencia. Photo credit: Joel Angel Juarez for The Texas Tribune

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