Texas Legislature 2019

Texas governor signs bill clarifying that women are allowed to pump breast milk in public

Previous state law explicitly permitted breastfeeding in public, but the bill adds a protection for women who choose to pump breast milk in public.

Arika Rodriguez feeds her son, Parker, after giving birth at the Holy Family Birthing Center in Weslaco.

Gov. Greg Abbott has signed into law a bill clarifying that women in Texas are allowed to pump breast milk anywhere in public.

Previous state law permitted women to breastfeed in public but did not expressly reference women who choose to use a breast pump. House Bill 541 by state Rep. Mary Gonzalez, D-Clint, aims to prevent confusion for businesses and employers by making clear that the same rules apply to breast pumping — and women are allowed to pump wherever they want.

Gonzalez said the bill came from conversations with breastfeeding activists and leaders advocating to “support all maternal realities.” Abbott signed the measure late Monday.

“It's a simple thing that we did in this piece of legislation, but I think it's also really symbolic,” Gonzalez said. "It shows that we’re passing laws that are really encouraging and supporting mothers who do choose to breastfeed or use breast milk.”

The bill passed the House in a nearly unanimous vote of 142-1. State Rep. Tom Oliverson R-Cypress, a physician, was the only member to vote against the bill. The bill also unanimously passed the Senate.

Kristine Keller, a lactation consultant, said the bill will give mothers more flexibility, making it easier for them to return to work.

“The number of moms that go back to work and/or use a pump within their breastfeeding relationship is a lot higher than actually documented,” Keller said, “and that support needs to be there for them.”

She said the new law would also give Texas businesses and organizations opportunities to put in designated spaces for women who want to breastfeed or pump breast milk.

The bill will take effect Sept. 1.