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Texas Elections 2018

Immigration, GOP dollars dominate Democratic primary to replace U.S. Rep. Beto O'Rourke

The race to replace U.S. Rep. Beto O'Rourke is turning into a border brawl where hardly any punches are being pulled.

Veronica Escobar, Democratic candidate for U.S. Congressional District 16, speaks during a candidate forum in El Paso on Saturday, Feb. 10, 2018. 

Texas Elections 2018

U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz defeated Democratic challenger Beto O'Rourke in the race for U.S. Senate. View full 2018 Texas election results or subscribe to The Brief for the latest election news.

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EL PASO — The first question at a recent forum in this Democratic stronghold should have been an easy lay-up for the candidates vying to represent El Paso in Washington next year.

The moderator asked about immigration, and all of the candidates agreed that young undocumented immigrants, known as "Dreamers," should benefit from a legislative fix that protects them from deportation.

But less than a minute into giving her opinion that congressional Democrats had turned their backs on Dreamers last week when they voted to fund the government without an immigration fix, former El Paso County Judge Veronica Escobar was interrupted by a heckler.

“Tell that to your husband!” a woman shouted.

Escobar paused for a second, then asked the audience to refrain from jeering and remain polite.

“We don’t behave like Trump people,” she said. “We’re Democrats.”

The debate continued, but the outburst was just one example of the bad blood that has permeated throughout the campaign to replace U.S. Rep. Beto O'Rourke, who is leaving his Congressional District 16 seat in an effort to oust U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz, R-Texas.

Escobar is one of six Democrats hoping to succeed O’Rourke. The others include former El Paso Independent School Board of Trustees President Dori Fenenbock, former longtime Texas House Rep. Norma Chávez, immigration attorney Enrique Garcia, Army veteran and school teacher Jerome Tilghman and University of Texas at El Paso lecturer and Communications Director John R. Carrillo. Two Republicans are also running.

Escobar and Fenenbock are winning the money race and have hauled in some key endorsements. But Chávez is banking on her name ID and experience in the state house to help her pull an upset. Garcia is branding himself an independent who’s the perfect antidote to Trump because like the president, Garcia said, he’s not a career politician. Tilghman is fighting an uphill and underfunded campaign by sticking to the issues and leaving personal attacks off the table. Carrillo was absent during last week’s forum, and his campaign didn’t respond to an email seeking comment about the race.

Escobar is running, in part, on her experience as a former leader of a county government that fought corruption and is touting how her progressive ideals helped shape policy. Escobar voted to sue the state after the Legislature passed Senate Bill 4, the state’s anti-“sanctuary city” law, and she’s been an outspoken advocate for the LGBT community.

But the issue of her husband, Michael Pleters, and his job as a federal immigration judge, is one her opponents are latching onto tightly. Fenenbock, who describes herself as the moderate in the race and who’s been dinged on the campaign trail for garnering financial support from Republicans, is quick to highlight what she says is the hypocrisy of Escobar’s campaign.

“[Pleters] is currently employed by the Trump administration and he’s currently following orders by the Trump administration, which is to deport,” Fenenbock said during a recent interview at her office. “He could find another job; he can become an immigration attorney, [but] he has built a career around deporting immigrants.”

But Escobar said last week at her campaign office that her husband was first approached for the job by the Obama administration. (Her camp also pushed back against Fenenbock's description of Pleters’ career and noted that before he was a judge, he was a state criminal and federal prosecutor.)

“My husband is not a political appointee ... it is a merit-based position,” she said. “He got offered the position last year while Obama happened to be president. But because of the time that the background check took, and it overlapped with the election and everything kind of came to a halt ... he didn’t take the bench until this past summer.”

She added that Pleters is a lifetime Democrat and an “impartial arbiter of the law.”

“I’ve never been in a campaign where my family has been attacked until now,” she said. “And I think that it says more about those doing the attacking than it does about me. But I also wonder, when did an honorable profession such as being a jurist become a bad thing?”

The pack of candidates hopes that Fenenbock’s embrace of the term “moderate” proves to be her Achilles' heel. The Escobar campaign points to a July story in the El Paso Times that shows Fenenbock received almost half of her initial financial support from El Pasoans who voted in the 2016 GOP primary. She also voted in the GOP primary in 2008 and 2010.

Fenenbock said she is a proud Democrat but notes that both parties have become too extreme and that, as a moderate, she can get things accomplished.

“Progressives have moved further to left, and the alt-right has moved further to right,” she said. She notes that though El Paso is a Democratic stronghold, it’s also somewhat “socially conservative.”

“We’re also conservative minded, conservative when it comes to spending, conservative when it comes to certain attitudes about border security,” she said. “But we do believe in social mobility ... and equality and equal access.”

Fenenbock is also supported by former Democratic U.S. Rep. Silvestre Reyes, who O’Rourke unseated during their bitter 2012 face-off. She said his support would help her as a freshman should she win because Reyes is still connected in Washington, D.C. O’Rourke, meanwhile, has endorsed Escobar, which led Garcia to label both of his opponents as “recycled politicians.”

“It’s time for a fresh new look, fresh new ideas,” he said. “We’re trying to reach the 90 percent of the voters that don’t go out to vote for a reason. Something that’s actually going to bring in the benefit to El Paso. We’re not getting anything right now.”

When asked if voters could see O’Rourke’s support for her and Reyes’ support for Fenenbock as a throwback to old El Paso grudges, Escobar said she’s not hearing that from voters.

“It’s different for people who follow insider politics versus people who are civically and politically engaged,” she said. “They feel like, at some point, it’s time to get over the past. [But] Beto’s support was important to me.”

Meanwhile, Chávez, who served seven terms in the Texas House until her defeat in 2010, is campaigning on that experience to try to differentiate herself. Chávez recently touted her past relationships with current U.S. House members Henry Cuellar, D-Laredo, and her former Austin deskmate Joaquin Castro, D-San Antonio. Chávez also recently announced a campaign event with civil rights icon Dolores Huerta, who will rally with Chávez next week.

“I am the only candidate that has served in public office as a lawmaker in the legislative branch of government,” Chávez said. “I have passed legislation as bills, amendments, constitutional amendments, appropriations riders and became skilled in mastering the rules to kill bills that are bad for our community.”

Though he’s outfunded and doesn’t have the name recognition, Tilghman isn’t backing down. At a campaign event on Monday, the Gulf War veteran and former field grade officer said the race isn’t about money. He said Escobar’s husband isn’t an issue for him and compared the judge's job to his former role as a soldier.

“Mr. Pleters didn’t make the law. Why would you lambaste the man? He got hired to interpret [the law],” he said. “Do I agree with all the deployments that the chief executive sent me on? The country picks my enemies. The country picks the fight and sends soldiers to go over there and deal with.”

It’s that line of thinking that he says makes him different. Tilghman said he approaches issues from a policy perspective, which is what’s missing from the campaign.

“We pick and choose things that have nothing to do with issues or resolutions,” he said. “And that’s why the party process is poisoned at the national level. And we’ll make a mistake by sending anybody up there who goes into Congress with that mindset. They’re just going to throw another log on the controversy fire.”

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