Editor's note: This story is part of a special report by the Texas Standard on Donald Trump's proposed border wall. Listen to the full report here.
It's just before the holidays in McAllen, a town of 130,000 on the U.S.-Mexico border. Basilisa Valdez sits in the kitchen at her sister's house, waiting for relatives to arrive. Here, that means some come from across town, and some from Reynosa, just across the river in Mexico. Before 2008, when a concrete and steel border fence went up along the Rio Grande, she says the two cities could seem like one. But after the wall, she says it's tough for people who've spent most of their lives seeing the borderlands as a single entity.
President-elect Donald Trump and border-wall proponents forget that for decades before 9/11, passage between the U.S. and Mexico was easy, especially for the towns separated by just a sliver of the Rio Grande.
Families spread out and set down roots on either side, creating a web of cultural interconnectivity – a unique shared identity.
"When I see the wall, I feel like they're trying to separate people," she says. "I feel like we're not united."
She was born in Mexico and came to Texas four decades ago looking for work.
"When I was young I worked in a daycare," she says. "I learned English in less than six months."
Since then, Valdez built a successful career and became a U.S. citizen. Her father still lives on the other side of the border, and so does her niece, Dayna de la Cruz, a social worker in Reynosa. She's visiting today and doing some Christmas shopping in the U.S. De la Cruz feels welcome here but hates seeing the wall as she passes into McAllen.
"Muy mal, muy mal." The wall is bad for the people and it's an unnecessary expense, de la Cruz says in Spanish.
Neither de la Cruz or Valdez agrees with Trump's calls to expand the wall. The costs to the community are too high, they say, especially for something that doesn't work.
"It's just a waste of money," Valdez says. "That's not going to stop the people from coming over. There's always a way to come in."
State Rep. Poncho Nevárez, D-Eagle Pass, says not just families, but border cities have commonalities that tie them together.
"I cannot think of one border city that would not feel that bond with their sister city or brother city, if you will, on either side of the river," Nevárez says. "There's familial ties, there's business ties. I tell people that there'll be a time — maybe in 1,000 years there won't be a United States or a Mexico or a Texas. And we won't call ourselves Texans or Mexicans of Americans, but we'll just be fronterizos — border people."
Right now, Nevárez's district spans an immense swath of West Texas with little border fencing. It's a place where the Rio Grande provides life for people on either side.
"Even though it's a division — if you will — it really does bind us," Nevárez says. "It really does flow through both communities. Not one community can lay any greater claim to the river than any other. I think that's probably true all the way from El Paso all the way to Brownsville. From Ciudad Juárez to Cuidad Matamoros on the Mexican side."
Like Basilisa Valdez, some South Texas residents say the section of border wall already standing hurts families and they don't want it expanded.
Michael Seifert lives in Brownsville, where the border meets the Gulf. He says Trump's plan is "folly."
"I have yet to meet a single official, a federal agent or a local police person — or just a regular person – in South Texas who thinks the border wall is a good idea," Seifert says. "And to think they're going to just extend that folly out. It's just — good lord."
Seifert is a former priest and coordinator of Rio Grande Valley Equal Voice, a network of nonprofits and local organizations working in the valley.
"We've always seen ourselves as a region that crosses the border," he says. "So families every Sunday would go into Matamoros from Brownsville or into Reynosa from McAllen. To see the wall slash right across the landscape of our city was — disheartening was not the word — it's heartbreaking."
People can still visit their friends and family on either side, but Seifert says that's not the point. It's what the wall stands for. He's married to Dr. Martha Griffin, and for 10 years she's been a pediatrician taking care of children along the border.
"When I think of the border wall, I think of separated families," Griffin says. "It's a symbol of hatred and bigotry."
She says she's seen a rise in mental health and emotional issues in the kids she works with.
"For families and for children, in particular, it has a significant meaning to them, that they're not wanted," Griffin says. "In a community where, prior to 9/11, this was a very fluid border."
She says everything has changed on the border since the wall went up. And it's almost all bad. Griffin says one unlikely side effect is that the experience has galvanized many south Texans, who say they'll oppose any further border wall construction. Because, she says, the wall made some finally realize what it means to be fronterizos — border people.
Related Texas Tribune reporting on the border:
- In 2016, the Tribune took a yearlong dive into the controversial issues of immigration and border security, separating rhetoric from reality to get past the political talking points and to better understand the complex policy challenges on the border.
- A December survey of Texans in Congress found very little support for Trump's proposed border wall.