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Texas Shale Regions' Fortunes Diverge

As the price of natural gas has declined, much of Texas' drilling activity has moved south, to the Eagle Ford Shale, leaving the battle-tested Barnett Shale in North Texas with an uncertain future.

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From StateImpact Texas

Two years ago Texas’ booming Barnett Shale region was facing a slew of challenges that came along with increased oil and gas drilling. Heavy drilling trucks were destroying the roads, employees were getting poached from their everyday jobs to work on the rigs, and residents of North Texas worried about what kind of impact all that drilling was having on the environment.

Those problems persist. But as the price of natural gas has declined, much of the drilling activity has moved south, to the Eagle Ford Shale region, where drillers can extract more valuable crude oil and liquids from the ground.

“What I hear in my district is, we miss those high natural gas prices now that it's down, because the drilling is substantially, substantially reduced,” state Rep. Phil King, R-Weatherford, said at a a recent StateImpact Texas panel. “We enjoy not having the congestion, but people are missing not making as much money.”

King pointed to the changing realities of the Barnett Shale, which led the way in using hydraulic fracturing, or fracking, to drill for fossil fuels, but has been eclipsed in profitability by the Eagle Ford. At times sounding like a battle-tested veteran, he offered advice to the lawmakers in the newer, more active shale play to the south.

When it came to the challenge of damaged roads, he left the door open for a proposal from state Sen. Carlos Uresti, a San Antonio Democrat who represents parts of the Eagle Ford, to take money from the Rainy Day Fund to repair roads.

But King said he was unsure what good it would do. “We fought that, and it’s still a struggle," he said. "One of the problems you run into is, if you repair them, they just get torn up again."

The low cost of gas also prompted him to speak out against a proposal from state Sen. Rodney Ellis, D-Houston, that could lead to a reduction of tax breaks for drilling companies.

“Our problem is, the prices of natural gas have gone so low that it’s very, very difficult for someone to drill a well and even break even on it,” King said. “So from my perspective, we still need that incentive to offset the cost of those very expensive Barnett Shale wells.”

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