Interactive: Federal Children's Shelters in Texas

Unaccompanied children from Mexico and Central America who cross into the United States at the Texas border are evaluated by the U.S. Border Patrol and placed temporarily at detention centers. If possible, the children are reunited with families already in the United States. If a relative cannot be found, the child is transported from the border to an emergency shelter managed by a private company or nonprofit organization. The operators of those shelters are paid by the U.S. Health and Human Services’ Office of Refugee Resettlement.

Although managed by the federal government, the shelters — with the exception of the children’s temporary quarters at Joint Base San Antonio-Lackland — are licensed by the Texas Department of Family and Protective Services. Some of the shelters have requested permission from the state to add beds to accommodate the recent influx of undocumented, unaccompanied immigrant children. 

Below is a map and list of all the Office of Refugee Resettlment shelters that operate in Texas. Click on the map markers to learn about the capacity of facilities in each region. Click on the facility's name in the list below the map to find out more about its licensure history. 

Capacity by City of Federal Children's Shelters in Texas
OperationCapacityProposed Capacity RequestsYears Licensed
Joint Base San Antonio - Lackland 1,200 N/A N/A
BCFS International Children's Shelter - Harlingen 290 Facility added 100 beds on May 25, 2012 and dropped five beds April 5, 2013. 6
Southwest Key Casa Antigua - San Benito 260 Full permit issued on Nov. 8, 2013. Capacity increased from 128 to 202 on March 24, 2014. A request to add 58 beds was approved for 30 days, effective June 4, 2014. The variance expires on July 4, 2014. 1
International Education Services GRO (Los Fresnos) 240 The facility added eight beds on July 20, 2012. 26
Southwest Key Casa Rio Grande - San Benito 214 Full permit issued on Jan. 3, 2014. Request to add 56 beds approved for 30 days, effective June 5, 2014. The variance expires on July 5, 2014. 1
IES - Driscoll 205 Full permit issued on Oct. 14, 2013. 1
BCFS - HHS International Children's Services Emergency Shelter - Baytown 168 Full permit issued on Nov. 7, 2012. 2
BCHM Region Children's Assessment Center - San Antonio 152 Facility added 37 beds on May 14, 2012. It added another 50 beds March 29, 2013. 21
Bokenkamp Corpus Christi Lutheran Social Services 120 A variance was issued to allow four children per bedroom only in cottages A and B, and six children total in another unit. Capacity increased from 105 to 120 on July 23, 2013. 7
Southwest Key - Conroe 120 Increased capacity from 64 to 80 on Aug. 19, 2012. Capacity increased from 80 to 120 on Oct. 5, 2012. 8
SWK - Nueva Esperanza - Brownsville 112 Initial permit issued on Jan. 23, 2014. Request to add 32 beds approved for 30 days, effective June 4, 2014. Variance expires on July 4, 2014. Does not have a non-expiring license yet.
Seton Home - San Antonio 106 Increased capacity by 26 beds the week of March 25, 2013. Facility is still serving both CPS and ORR children. 25
St Peter - St Joseph Children's Home Emergency Shelter 106 The facility is using 82 beds for Office of Refugee Resettlement clients. 11
SWK - EL Presidente - Brownsville 99 Full permit issued on Nov. 21, 2013. Request to increase capacity by 25 beds approved for 30 days, effective June 4, 2014. Variance expires on July 4, 2014. 1
Southwest Key Clint - Casita Del Valle 97 Increased capacity by 30 beds on May 18, 2012. Request to increase capacity by 22 beds approved for 30 days, effective June 5, 2014. Variance expires on July 5, 2014. 5
Southwest Key - Cantuillo 94 N/A 18
Southwest Key Harlingen - Combes 87 Increased capacity by 8 beds on Aug. 30, 2012. Increased capacity by 24 beds on March 18, 2014. Request to increase capacity by 18 beds approved for 30 days, effective June 4, 2014. Variance expires on July 4, 2014. 6
Southwest Key Brownsville - La Esperanza 82 N/A 11
BCFS HHS International Children's Services Emergency Shelter (on Chavaneaux) - San Antonio 80 Full permit issued on Nov. 25, 2013. 1
Southwest Key - Houston 75 Full permit issued on Dec. 4, 2012. 2
Southwest Key El Paso - Casa Franklin 72 Request to increase capacity by 31 beds approved for 30 days, effective June 5, 2014. Variance expires on July 5, 2014. 2
Southwest Key - Houston 54 N/A 23
BCFS HHS International Children's Services Emergency Shelter - Raymondville 48 Full permit issued on Nov. 20, 2013. 1
Southwest Key San Antonio - Casa Blanca 45 N/A 2
Shiloh Treatment Center - Manvel 43 N/A 18
Brazoria County Youth Homes 40 Began operating again on May 30, 2014. 10
Assessment Center of Tarrant County 40 Request to use different parts of the building for ORR children approved until Sept. 30, 2014, but did not increase capacity. 3
Galveston Multicultural Institute (Galveston) 32 N/A 5
Baptist Child and Home Ministries - San Antonio Campus 24 Decreased capacity from 47 to 28 at operation's request on May 14, 2012. Operation dropped four beds March 29, 2013. 27
St. Michaels Home for Children II - Houston 24 N/A 6

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