Tribpedia: Texas Senate

The Texas Senate is the upper chamber of the state's bicameral Legislature. It is comprised of 31 state senators and the lieutenant governor, who serves as president of the Senate.

Senators serve four-year terms and are not term limited.

The second-highest post in the Senate is the president pro-tempore, who can come from either party and is usually determined ...

Rep. Joe Straus makes remarks after being being sworn in for his fifth term as speaker of the Texas House on Jan. 10, 2017.
Rep. Joe Straus makes remarks after being being sworn in for his fifth term as speaker of the Texas House on Jan. 10, 2017.

Joe Straus: Legislators need to be careful when it comes to "bathroom bill"

Texas House Speaker Joe Straus told the Texas Association of Business that the "bathroom bill," a priority for Lt. Gov. Dan Patrick, was not his most urgent concern for the 85th Legislative Session.

Texas Secretary of State Rolando Pablo gavels in the 85 Legislature on January 10, 2017.
Texas Secretary of State Rolando Pablo gavels in the 85 Legislature on January 10, 2017.

Slideshow: 85th Texas Legislature kicks off

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The Texas Tribune's photographers were on hand at the state Capitol on Tuesday to capture scenes from the opening day of the 85th Legislative Session.

The 84th legislative session ran from Jan. 13 through Jun. 1. State lawmakers enhanced gun rights, allowed epilepsy patients to use medicinal cannabis oil and outlawed local bans on fracking.
The 84th legislative session ran from Jan. 13 through Jun. 1. State lawmakers enhanced gun rights, allowed epilepsy patients to use medicinal cannabis oil and outlawed local bans on fracking.

Analysis: Take it from Texas — an election sweep carries no guarantee

Winning isn't everything when it comes to party control. If it was, Texas lawmakers would have nothing to do. But they still have plenty to fight about, and Republicans in Washington, D.C., will, too.

State Sens. Brian Birdwell, R-Granbury, and Troy Fraser, R-Horseshoe Bay, listen to testimony at a Senate Committee on State Affairs hearing reviewing current ethics laws governing public officials and employees on Oct, 5, 2016.
State Sens. Brian Birdwell, R-Granbury, and Troy Fraser, R-Horseshoe Bay, listen to testimony at a Senate Committee on State Affairs hearing reviewing current ethics laws governing public officials and employees on Oct, 5, 2016.

Analysis: In Texas, Lawmakers Regulate Their Own Regulators

The Texas Ethics Commission regulates legislators. Legislators control the commission's laws and budget. It's a complicated relationship.

Sen. Paul Bettencourt, R-Houston, talks with an aide during testimony Dec. 7, 2015 before the Senate Education Committee on teacher-student relationships.
Sen. Paul Bettencourt, R-Houston, talks with an aide during testimony Dec. 7, 2015 before the Senate Education Committee on teacher-student relationships.

Analysis: No Political Benefit if Voters Can't Feel Property Tax Relief

Texas lawmakers want to get a leash on property taxes, which requires them to restrain local governments. The local governments point to expensive state government mandates that drive up their costs. It's hard to fix blame, or credit.

Texas lawmakers are poised to discuss statewide regulations for ride-hailing companies next session, although there's no clear consensus on what rules, if any, should be proposed come January.
Texas lawmakers are poised to discuss statewide regulations for ride-hailing companies next session, although there's no clear consensus on what rules, if any, should be proposed come January.

Lawmakers Seek Roadmap For Ride-Hailing Regulation

State lawmakers are poised to discuss ride-hailing for the second time in two weeks on Thursday, attention many expect to carry into the upcoming legislative session as some legislators attempt to wrest regulatory power from cities.

Since Uber and Lyft left Austin, the city has opened its doors to an influx of new companies including Arcade City, getme, RideAustin, InstaRyde, zTrip, Wingz, Fasten and Fare.
Since Uber and Lyft left Austin, the city has opened its doors to an influx of new companies including Arcade City, getme, RideAustin, InstaRyde, zTrip, Wingz, Fasten and Fare.

With Uber and Lyft Gone, Ride-Hailing Startups Swarm Austin

Less than a month after Uber and Lyft left Austin over the city's regulations, at least six new companies offering similar services have launched in the city and are fighting for market share.

Lt. Gov. Dan Patrick addressed transgender bathroom rules during a news conference in Dallas on May 13, 2016.
Lt. Gov. Dan Patrick addressed transgender bathroom rules during a news conference in Dallas on May 13, 2016.

Lt. Gov. Patrick Suggests Legislature Might Step In on Bathroom Guidelines

Declaring that "this fight is just beginning," Lt. Gov. Dan Patrick on Tuesday escalated his battle against guidelines in Texas and across the country that allow students to use the bathroom that corresponds with their gender identity. 

Voters wait in line at the University of Texas Co-op to cast their ballots in the March 1, 2016 primary elections.
Voters wait in line at the University of Texas Co-op to cast their ballots in the March 1, 2016 primary elections.

Liveblog: 2016 Texas Primary Runoff Results

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Throughout Tuesday night, Tribune reporters will keep you updated on the results of Texas' Republican and Democratic primary runoffs, from the first early voting totals through the last ballots counted.