Tribpedia: Energy

Texas has long been a leader in the nation's energy industry. According to the U.S. Department of Energy, Texas is the largest petroleum refiner in the U.S., and produces more than three times the natural gas than any other state. The Comptroller's Office reports tax revenues from energy production and use, particularly oil and gas, have long contributed a significant share of state revenues; at their peak in the early 1980s, tax revenues from oil and gas alone accounted for more than a quarter of all state revenue.

Oil and gas dominated the Texas economy for most of the 20th century. The industry still holds considerable sway over policy and business decisions, but Texas has diversified its economy in the wake of oil busts in the 1980s.

Surprisingly, given its history with the oil and gasoline industries, Texas also boasts the second largest number of alternative fuel vehicles on the road today. Texas is the nation’s leader in installed wind capacity, though wind still generates less than three percent of the state’s electricity. A major hurdle in using alternative energy is transporting it -- Texas lacks the transmission lines necessary to get the electricity produced by its West Texas wind farms to the urban areas that could use it.

 


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Large quantities of radioactive materials stored in a single location, like these at an oil well-logging storage site, are particularly vulnerable to theft for use in a dirty bomb, the Department of Energy and the Government Accountability Office determined in 2014, yet the Nuclear Regulatory Commission still allows the practice.
U.S. Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz
A rig worker inspects casings that will be loaded into the well in preparation for the hydraulic fracturing process at a Chesapeake Energy drill site in Dimmit, Texas in the Eagle Ford Shale. Trucks carry cement that will be mixed to fill the space between multiple layers of casing in preparation for the hydraulic fracturing process at a Chesapeake Energy drill site in Dimmit, Texas in the Eagle Ford Shale. A worker waits to load a piece of pipe, or casing, that will be lowered into the well at a Chesapeake Energy drill site in Dimmit County, Texas in the Eagle Ford Shale. Casings are lined up to be loaded into the well in preparation for the hydraulic fracturing process at a Chesapeake Energy drill site in Dimmit, Texas in the Eagle Ford Shale. Meter on a home in Houston, TX Rooftop solar panels on Ft. Bliss Army installation on April 23, 2012 Electric powered service vehicles being shaded by solar panels on Ft. Bliss Army installation on April 23, 2012 U.S. soldiers walk past rooftop solar panels on Ft. Bliss Army installation on April 23, 2012. The 380 acre Webberville Solar Farm outside of Austin will power 5000 homes. A wind turbine in Nolan County. A high school student in Roscoe ISD, which has provided a laptop for every student with money from wind farm subsidies. A junior high 6-man football game in Blackwell ISD. The on-site wind turbine can produce up to 40 percent of the school's electricity needs. Delbert Trew, a rancher in the Texas Panhandle, got rid of his windmills and now uses a solar pump, which he says is cheaper and easier to maintain. Mike Crowell, a third-generation windmiller, works on a windmill near Claude in the Texas Panhandle. Gaylan Marth, owner of Big Boy's Bar-B-Que in Sweetwater, says that transmission line workers sometimes order barbecue sandwiches in bulk, boosting his business. Transmission lines near Sweetwater that will connect windy regions of the state to major population centers. Near Sweetwater, construction is complete on transmission lines that will connect windy regions of the state to its population centers. The total cost of all the lines throughout Texas is estimated at nearly $7 billion. "Against XL Pipeline button" attached to a hat which belongs to one of the protestant. Aluminum tape covers the sensors being tested on a wind turbine in Bushland, Texas. Two new reactors, shown at the upper left-hand corner of this artist's rendering, could be added to the Comanche Peak nuclear plant in Somervell County. Exelon is considering building a nuclear plant in Victoria County. A number of homes an Austin's Mueller development have added solar panels, thanks to hefty local and federal incentives. A number of homes an Austin's Mueller development have added solar panels, thanks to hefty local and federal incentives. Demonstrators protest against natural gas drilling in downtown Fort Worth, Wednesday April 20th, 2011. The day marked the one year anniversary of BP's Deepwater Horizon rig explosion in the Gulf of Mexico. A yard sign in Southlake, Texas, makes a statement against natural gas drilling. Demonstrators protest against natural gas drilling in downtown Fort Worth, Wednesday April 20th, 2011. The day marked the one year anniversary of BP's Deepwater Horizon rig explosion in the Gulf of Mexico. Steam rises from the stacks at the Martin Lake Coal-Fired Power Plant in Tatum, TX March 30, 2011. An oil & gas drilling rig is drilling a well for Pioneer Natural Resources in the Eagle Ford Shale formation near Yorktown. Texas Senators Leticia Van de Putte (l), Kirk Watson (c) and John Whitmire (r) listen to Luminant CEO David Campbell at a public hearing on power outages on February 15, 2011. Senators Leticia Van de Putte (l), Kirk Watson (c) and John Whitmire (r) listen to David Campbell of Luminant at a public hearing on power outages on February 15, 2011. CEO David Campbell of Luminant testifies on power plant outages before a Senate Committee on February 15, 2011 Senators take testimony on February 2011 power outages at a hearing on February 15, 2011 ERCOT's Trip Doggett testifies at the joint Senate hearing on power outages on February 15, 2011 Cows graze near wind turbines at an Iberdrola Renewables wind farm along the Texas coast. An electrical substation in Comfort, TX. An electrical substation in Comfort, Texas. Spark Energy's banner that flew low above the Texas inauguration on Jan. 18, 2011. This woody debris will fuel a biomass power plant in Lufkin, the first of its kind in Texas, which is expected to begin full operations this spring. New turbines tower over an old windmill at the Whirlwind wind
farm, near Floydada There are three electric grids in the continental United States. A project in New Mexico called Tres Amigas plans to interlink all three. Summer electricity usage in Texas peaks in the late afternoons, when air-conditioners are on full-blast. Sunrise after a night of thunderstorms on June 19, 2010, in Alpine, Texas. Two new reactors, shown at the upper left-hand corner of this artist's rendering, could be added to the Comanche Peak nuclear plant in Somervell County. SunCatchers that Tessera Solar plans to install near Marfa. SPencer Abraham in Austin at a Green Energy Summit A screen shot from a 2007 television advertisement used by lobbyists working for Texas Energy Future Holdings, Inc., the company that acquired TXU.

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