"Amendments Sail to Easy Passage" was first published by The Texas Tribune, a nonprofit, nonpartisan media organization that informs Texans — and engages with them — about public policy, politics, government and statewide issues.
Editor's note: This story was updated Nov. 4 with final election results.
Statewide measures aimed at cutting property taxes, boosting funding for road projects and reiterating Texans' right to hunt and fish easily passed Tuesday evening, according to complete but unofficial returns.
Texas lawmakers asked voters to approve seven amendments to the constitution, all related to measures passed during this year's legislative session. All seven propositions drew at least 66 percent support. Voter turnout was approximately 11 percent.
Several Republican elected officials were quick to declare victory, including Gov. Greg Abbott, Lt. Gov. Dan Patrick and House Speaker Joe Straus.
"By voting to lower property taxes, invest in transportation infrastructure and constitutionally guarantee the right to hunt and fish, Texans are creating an even better place for future generations to live, work and raise a family," Gov. Greg Abbott said in a statement.
Here’s how the seven propositions fared:
- Proposition 1, which raises the homestead exemption for school districts from $15,000 to $25,000, drew 86 percent support. Texas will pay about $600 million annually out of state coffers to cover the loss of revenue to school districts, according to the Legislative Budget Board. The measure is expected to save the average homeowner about $126 per year.
- Proposition 2 addresses a quirk in state law that only allowed spouses of disabled veterans who died after Jan. 1, 2010, to be eligible for 100-percent property tax exemptions. A constitutional amendment to extend state law to the spouses of veterans who died before 2010, as long as the surviving spouse has not remarried, was the least controversial proposition on the ballot, securing 91 percent support.
- Proposition 3 overturns a constitutional requirement that statewide officials including the comptroller, land commissioner, agriculture commissioner and attorney general live in Austin. The measure was the least popular of the statewide propositions, passing with the support of 66 percent of voters.
- Strongly backed by the Dallas Cowboys and other Texas sports franchises, Proposition 4 allows charitable foundations of professional sports teams to conduct charity raffles known as “50/50” games at stadiums. Usually, fans would buy raffle tickets and the winner gets half the pot, with the other half going to charity. The measure passed with 69 percent support.
- Proposition 5 raises the population limit — to 7,500 people, from 5,000 — for counties where the government can perform road construction. The measure drew 83 percent support.
- Proposition 6 reiterates Texans’ right to hunt, fish and harvest wildlife, a measures supporters said was needed to prevent future legislative attempts to limit the right. The measure passed with 81 percent of the vote.
- Under Proposition 7, the state will dedicate some taxes collected on car sales for the State Highway Fund. That fund is used to maintain and construct public roadways and bridges in the state and decrease transportation-related bond debt. The measure passed with 83 percent support.
After legislative sessions, lawmakers typically require multiple amendments to the state's rigid constitution to allow for some laws to be enforced. Since it was adopted in 1876, Texans have amended their constitution more than 400 times.
In the six-way special election to replace state Rep. Joe Farias, D-San Antonio, in state House District 118, Republican John Lujan and Democrat Tomas Uresti head to a runoff after drawing 28 percent and 22 percent support respectively, according to complete, but unofficial returns. Farias' son, Gabe, came in third place, with 19 percent of the vote. The three other candidates all drew less than 15 percent support.