Tribpedia: Texas-Mexico Border

Tribpedia

The Texas-Mexico border makes up 1,254 miles of the 1,900-mile-long U.S.-Mexico border. 

The vast, mostly rural expanse stretches from El Paso in the West to Brownsville in the Southeast and is delineated by the Rio Grande River.

Border communities in Texas are some of the poorest regions of the state and the nation. If Texas border ...

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Twins, Nitza Alvarado Espinoza (black shirt) and Mitzi Alvarado Espinoza, with their sister Deisy, at a rally in Austin on November 9. The sisters started "Hijos de Desaparecidos" after their mom was kidnapped by the Mexican military in Chihuahua. They are currently in deportation proceedings but their attorney has filed a petition seeking a special-immigrant status since they were abandoned or orphaned.
Twins, Nitza Alvarado Espinoza (black shirt) and Mitzi Alvarado Espinoza, with their sister Deisy, at a rally in Austin on November 9. The sisters started "Hijos de Desaparecidos" after their mom was kidnapped by the Mexican military in Chihuahua. They are currently in deportation proceedings but their attorney has filed a petition seeking a special-immigrant status since they were abandoned or orphaned.

While Searching for Mom, Sisters Form Drug-War Support Group

In December 2009, the mother of twin sisters Mitzi and Nitza Alvarado Espinoza disappeared from their home in Mexico. Now exiled in El Paso, the two have formed a movement aimed at providing comfort to young victims of the drug war.

The uncompleted new international railroad bridge near Brownsville passes over the border fence and US 281 before crossing the Rio Grande.
The uncompleted new international railroad bridge near Brownsville passes over the border fence and US 281 before crossing the Rio Grande.

2011 UP Settlement Could Impact Bridge Dispute

Cameron County and federal officials remain at an impasse over the funding of the transfer of a scanning machine, a stalemate that could stall the West Rail Bypass International Bridge's debut. A potential fix could be tied to a 2011 settlement between U.S. Customs and Border Protection and Union Pacific.

U.S. Rep. Joaquin Castro, D-San Antonio, at a victory party for congressional candidate Pete Gallego at Don Pedro Mexican Restaurant in San Antonio on Nov. 6, 2012.
U.S. Rep. Joaquin Castro, D-San Antonio, at a victory party for congressional candidate Pete Gallego at Don Pedro Mexican Restaurant in San Antonio on Nov. 6, 2012.

Castro: No Split Among Democrats on Immigration Reform

U.S. Rep. Joaquin Castro said that despite reports that some Democrats are urging their colleagues not to work with House Republicans on immigration reform, the party remains united and wants to see something pass before the year ends.

Bruce Ballou, left, and Jose Luis Perez tutor a teenager participating in the alternative education program in Maverick County.
Bruce Ballou, left, and Jose Luis Perez tutor a teenager participating in the alternative education program in Maverick County.

Border Officers See Hope in Reduced Juvenile Offenders

In the Eagle Pass area, the number of juvenile felony cases referred to Chief Juvenile Probation Officer Bruce Ballou has fallen more than 40 percent since 2012. As marijuana harvest season in Mexico begins, Ballou hopes his staff's approach to rehabilitation will keep the same faces from showing up again. 

The uncompleted new international railroad bridge near Brownsville passes over the border fence and US 281 before crossing the Rio Grande.
The uncompleted new international railroad bridge near Brownsville passes over the border fence and US 281 before crossing the Rio Grande.

Dispute Over Scanning Machine May Stall Bridge Opening

Just weeks before a new rail bridge connecting Texas and Mexico is set to open, controversy surrounding an X-ray machine for the bridge has unfolded. County officials in the Rio Grande Valley say it's on Customs and Border Protection to pay to relocate it, but the feds say they don't have the money. 

Carlos Gutierrez
Carlos Gutierrez

Exiles Speak Out Against Claims They're Gaming System

As lawmakers in Washington call for a review of how asylum law pertains to Mexicans seeking protection, a group of exiles is embarking on its own public relations campaign. Carlos Gutierrez of Mexicanos en Exilio, who sought safe harbor in the U.S. after criminals chopped off his legs, is riding his bike from El Paso to Austin. 

Demonstrators march through the streets of downtown Dallas in 2010 to protest the passage of Arizona's controversial new immigration law.
Demonstrators march through the streets of downtown Dallas in 2010 to protest the passage of Arizona's controversial new immigration law.

U.S. House Democrats Make New Immigration Reform Push

In an effort to keep immigration reform alive during the debate over the government shutdown, congressional Democrats have filed legislation that includes elements of a border-security measure backed by a key GOP leader.

Veterinarian and cattle buyer Jesús Baca discusses how cattle were inspected before the USDA pulled its American inspectors from Mexico.
Veterinarian and cattle buyer Jesús Baca discusses how cattle were inspected before the USDA pulled its American inspectors from Mexico.

After Federal Change, Border Cattle Industry Struggles

Ojinaga, Mexico, used to enjoy the distinction of being one of the busiest ports for importing Mexican cattle into the U.S. But amid concerns about escalating drug violence, the USDA last year moved its cattle inspectors across the Rio Grande River into Texas — a decision residents on both sides of the border say has crippled the local livestock industry. 

A young girl plays outside her home in the Pueblo de Palmas colonia near Mission, Texas, on Aug. 29, 2013.
A young girl plays outside her home in the Pueblo de Palmas colonia near Mission, Texas, on Aug. 29, 2013.

Hidalgo County Fights to Ensure Census Counts Everyone

In rapidly growing Hidalgo County, officials who say the 2010 census dramatically undercounted the county’s population are seeking to influence the way its residents are counted in the future. The numbers are crucial for the U.S.-Mexico border county because they translate into dollars.

Maricruz Valtierra Zuniga, left, poses with her husband, Edgar Falcon, after their wedding ceremony on the Paso del Norte Bridge .
Maricruz Valtierra Zuniga, left, poses with her husband, Edgar Falcon, after their wedding ceremony on the Paso del Norte Bridge .

Border Wedding Ceremony Highlights Immigration Battle

A young Mexican woman who falsely claimed to be a U.S. citizen nearly a decade ago is barred from ever entering this country, despite her marriage on Tuesday to an American living in El Paso. It's a rule at least one Texas congressman hopes to change. 

 

U.S. Consul General in Ciudad Juárez, Ian Brownlee, at the ribbon-cutting ceremony for La Rodadora: Espacio Interactivo museum.
U.S. Consul General in Ciudad Juárez, Ian Brownlee, at the ribbon-cutting ceremony for La Rodadora: Espacio Interactivo museum.

Ian Brownlee: The TT Interview

The U.S. consul general in Ciudad Juárez on whether the war in Juárez is over, what the U.S. is doing to help and what the next few months in the border city will be like leading up to the shift in power from one administration to another. 

Ignacio Villa, left, and Arturo Ibarra, right, of the mariachi group Los Gavilanes receive shoe shines on Avenida Juárez in Ciudad Juárez, México, Jul. 9, 2013.
Ignacio Villa, left, and Arturo Ibarra, right, of the mariachi group Los Gavilanes receive shoe shines on Avenida Juárez in Ciudad Juárez, México, Jul. 9, 2013.

Mexican City Weighs Neglected Notion: Hope

Three years after a municipal election was held under the specter of fear and death in this border city, voters on Sunday ushered in a new leader in Ciudad Juárez. Though there is an uneasy sense of calm here — murders have plummeted and business have reopened — some say a new administration and a new peace can only go so far to heal old wounds. 

Christian Chaidez, 30, was granted by an immigration judge a withholding of removal after applying for asylum. Ten of his family members were murdered in Ciudad Juárez for refusing to pay extortion to criminal gangs.
Christian Chaidez, 30, was granted by an immigration judge a withholding of removal after applying for asylum. Ten of his family members were murdered in Ciudad Juárez for refusing to pay extortion to criminal gangs.

Concerns Raised on Immigration Bill and Asylum Seekers

As the debate on immigration reform advances, immigration attorneys fear that an emphasis on strict border enforcement will make an already difficult task more strenuous for asylum seekers. 

Video: Busted in Texas

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As Congress looks to significantly boost funding for the U.S. Border Patrol as part of a new immigration bill, our friends at the Center for Investigative Reporting look at the impact of the police buildup at a West Texas checkpoint. The Sierra Blanca checkpoint along I-10 was set up to catch major traffickers and immigrants who entered the country illegally. But the checkpoint now busts thousands of unsuspecting Americans a year for low-level drug possession – including some famous musicians.