Tribpedia: Texas-Mexico Border

Tribpedia

The Texas-Mexico border makes up 1,254 miles of the 1,900-mile-long U.S.-Mexico border. 

The vast, mostly rural expanse stretches from El Paso in the West to Brownsville in the Southeast and is delineated by the Rio Grande River.

Border communities in Texas are some of the poorest regions of the state and the nation. If Texas border ...

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Health Officials: Immigrant Surge is a Medical Crisis

A detainee sleeps in a holding cell at a U.S. Customs and Border Protection processing facility, Wednesday, June 18, 2014, in Brownsville, Texas. CPB provided media tours Tuesday of two locations in Brownsville and Nogales, Ariz. that have been central to processing the more than 47,000 unaccompanied children who have entered the country illegally since Oct. 1.
A detainee sleeps in a holding cell at a U.S. Customs and Border Protection processing facility, Wednesday, June 18, 2014, in Brownsville, Texas. CPB provided media tours Tuesday of two locations in Brownsville and Nogales, Ariz. that have been central to processing the more than 47,000 unaccompanied children who have entered the country illegally since Oct. 1.

As the state's top elected officials debate how to halt a recent surge of immigrants — many of them unaccompanied minors — across the Texas-Mexico border, health officials and volunteer doctors are voicing concerns over what they say is the more serious challenge: a looming medical crisis. 

 

Gov. Rick Perry and DPS Director Steve McCraw spoke at a June 23, 2014, news conference following a tour of a federal facility housing unaccompanied minors in Weslaco, Texas. The state is providing $1.3 million per week to step up border patrols.
Gov. Rick Perry and DPS Director Steve McCraw spoke at a June 23, 2014, news conference following a tour of a federal facility housing unaccompanied minors in Weslaco, Texas. The state is providing $1.3 million per week to step up border patrols.

Perry Warns of a "Trail of Tears" From Central America

Gov. Rick Perry on Monday warned that if Central American leaders do not heed the call to stop their citizens from flooding across the Texas-Mexico border, the summer months will bear witness to a “trail of tears” caused by a surge of dead migrants.

 

Democratic gubernatorial candidate Wendy Davis, speaks to media during a campaign stop at East Austin restaurant Juan in a Million on May 6th, 2014
Democratic gubernatorial candidate Wendy Davis, speaks to media during a campaign stop at East Austin restaurant Juan in a Million on May 6th, 2014

Wendy Davis Calls for Special Session on Border Surge

State Sen. Wendy Davis, the Democratic nominee for governor, has added her name to the list of lawmakers calling for a special legislative session to immediately address the unprecedented number of illegal border crossers into Texas.

U.S. Border Patrol agents say that illegal traffic on public and private land in the Rio Grande Valley has triggered the need for additional resources in the region this year.
U.S. Border Patrol agents say that illegal traffic on public and private land in the Rio Grande Valley has triggered the need for additional resources in the region this year.

White House Under Fire for Proposed Solution to Immigrant Surge

Both immigrants' rights groups and conservative lawmakers are criticizing the White House's plan, announced Friday, to deal with the influx of migrants illegally crossing Texas’ southern border.

Newly commissioned patrol vessel, part of the Tactical Marine Unit, funded by federal Homeland Security grants, will help with the state's efforts in combating Mexican drug cartels patrolling the Rio Grande River
Newly commissioned patrol vessel, part of the Tactical Marine Unit, funded by federal Homeland Security grants, will help with the state's efforts in combating Mexican drug cartels patrolling the Rio Grande River

DPS Addresses New Border Operation

UPDATED: The Texas DPS said Thursday that as part of its new mission, it will partner with local and federal authorities to “deter and disrupt drug and human trafficking, and other border-related crimes.” The directive for the new operation came from state leaders is in response to the recent surge of undocumented immigrants breaching the Texas-Mexico border.

Texas DPS agent Cuevas removes a M2-40 machine gun from newly commissioned patrol vessel. The boat, part of the Tactical Marine Unit, funded by federal Homeland Security grants, will help with the state's efforts in combating Mexican drug cartels patrolling the Rio Grande River
Texas DPS agent Cuevas removes a M2-40 machine gun from newly commissioned patrol vessel. The boat, part of the Tactical Marine Unit, funded by federal Homeland Security grants, will help with the state's efforts in combating Mexican drug cartels patrolling the Rio Grande River

Patrick Wants Emergency Spending for Border Security

UPDATED: Dan Patrick, the GOP candidate for lieutenant governor, joined some of his conservative colleagues on Tuesday in calling for “immediate action” to address the surge of undocumented immigrants crossing into Texas.

 

 

U.S. Rep. Pete Gallego (left), an Alpine Democrat, is facing a challenge from Will Hurd, a former CIA agent, in the race to represent the 23rd Congressional District.
U.S. Rep. Pete Gallego (left), an Alpine Democrat, is facing a challenge from Will Hurd, a former CIA agent, in the race to represent the 23rd Congressional District.

In CD-23, Advantages Are Seen for Both Gallego and Hurd

U.S. Rep. Pete Gallego, D-Alpine, is facing a challenge from former CIA agent Will Hurd, a Republican. The contest is considered a toss-up, with immigration and border security likely to be key issues in the border district.

Texas claims New Mexico is using more water from the Rio Grande River than it is entitled to.
Texas claims New Mexico is using more water from the Rio Grande River than it is entitled to.

Texas Hoping for Edge Over New Mexico in Water Battle

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With the official support of the U.S. government, Texas now hopes it has a substantial edge over New Mexico in an interstate legal battle over water from the Rio Grande. New Mexico has maintained its position that its obligations are to its own reservoirs — not to the water needs of Texas or Mexico. 

L to R:  Martin Gomez Jr. and his father Martin Gomez Sr. both work, but make so little that they aren't interested in buying healthcare insurance. The Gomez family lives in a colonia near Alton.
L to R: Martin Gomez Jr. and his father Martin Gomez Sr. both work, but make so little that they aren't interested in buying healthcare insurance. The Gomez family lives in a colonia near Alton.

A Focus on Helping Colonia Residents With Health Law

Living in unincorporated subdivisions, where the uninsured rate is between 50 and 80 percent, thousands of residents of impoverished Texas colonias may be largely left with little hope of obtaining health insurance after falling into the "coverage gap.But community-based organizations are working to educate them on their options.

Two women carry goods as they walk to the Paso del Norte International Bridge between the El Paso-Ciudad Juárez border on Jan. 10, 2014, in El Paso.
Two women carry goods as they walk to the Paso del Norte International Bridge between the El Paso-Ciudad Juárez border on Jan. 10, 2014, in El Paso.

Torn Between Higher Taxes and Border Hassles

Local government officials are eyeing extra revenue from Mexicans crossing the Rio Grande to save on items after a sales tax increase in Mexico's border regions. But leaders and business owners in Texas say cross-border traffic may turn a potential boon into little more than a bump.

Gutierrez, who is awaiting a hearing on his request for asylum in the U.S., stands in front of the Texas Capitol after his 12-day ride across the state. The focus of his journey was to raise awareness about the impunity for violent criminals in Mexico and to support his fellow asylum-seekers. What it isn’t, he said, is a protest of the U.S. government.
Gutierrez, who is awaiting a hearing on his request for asylum in the U.S., stands in front of the Texas Capitol after his 12-day ride across the state. The focus of his journey was to raise awareness about the impunity for violent criminals in Mexico and to support his fellow asylum-seekers. What it isn’t, he said, is a protest of the U.S. government.

Mexican Violence, Resolution Lead to Questions About U.S. Aid

In the wake of more violence and a resolution urging the U.S. to grant asylum to Mexicans, activists are urging lawmakers to review aid aimed at helping to end that country's drug war.

Twins, Nitza Alvarado Espinoza (black shirt) and Mitzi Alvarado Espinoza, with their sister Deisy, at a rally in Austin on November 9. The sisters started "Hijos de Desaparecidos" after their mom was kidnapped by the Mexican military in Chihuahua. They are currently in deportation proceedings but their attorney has filed a petition seeking a special-immigrant status since they were abandoned or orphaned.
Twins, Nitza Alvarado Espinoza (black shirt) and Mitzi Alvarado Espinoza, with their sister Deisy, at a rally in Austin on November 9. The sisters started "Hijos de Desaparecidos" after their mom was kidnapped by the Mexican military in Chihuahua. They are currently in deportation proceedings but their attorney has filed a petition seeking a special-immigrant status since they were abandoned or orphaned.

While Searching for Mom, Sisters Form Drug-War Support Group

In December 2009, the mother of twin sisters Mitzi and Nitza Alvarado Espinoza disappeared from their home in Mexico. Now exiled in El Paso, the two have formed a movement aimed at providing comfort to young victims of the drug war.

The uncompleted new international railroad bridge near Brownsville passes over the border fence and US 281 before crossing the Rio Grande.
The uncompleted new international railroad bridge near Brownsville passes over the border fence and US 281 before crossing the Rio Grande.

2011 UP Settlement Could Impact Bridge Dispute

Cameron County and federal officials remain at an impasse over the funding of the transfer of a scanning machine, a stalemate that could stall the West Rail Bypass International Bridge's debut. A potential fix could be tied to a 2011 settlement between U.S. Customs and Border Protection and Union Pacific.

U.S. Rep. Joaquin Castro, D-San Antonio, at a victory party for congressional candidate Pete Gallego at Don Pedro Mexican Restaurant in San Antonio on Nov. 6, 2012.
U.S. Rep. Joaquin Castro, D-San Antonio, at a victory party for congressional candidate Pete Gallego at Don Pedro Mexican Restaurant in San Antonio on Nov. 6, 2012.

Castro: No Split Among Democrats on Immigration Reform

U.S. Rep. Joaquin Castro said that despite reports that some Democrats are urging their colleagues not to work with House Republicans on immigration reform, the party remains united and wants to see something pass before the year ends.

Bruce Ballou, left, and Jose Luis Perez tutor a teenager participating in the alternative education program in Maverick County.
Bruce Ballou, left, and Jose Luis Perez tutor a teenager participating in the alternative education program in Maverick County.

Border Officers See Hope in Reduced Juvenile Offenders

In the Eagle Pass area, the number of juvenile felony cases referred to Chief Juvenile Probation Officer Bruce Ballou has fallen more than 40 percent since 2012. As marijuana harvest season in Mexico begins, Ballou hopes his staff's approach to rehabilitation will keep the same faces from showing up again. 

The uncompleted new international railroad bridge near Brownsville passes over the border fence and US 281 before crossing the Rio Grande.
The uncompleted new international railroad bridge near Brownsville passes over the border fence and US 281 before crossing the Rio Grande.

Dispute Over Scanning Machine May Stall Bridge Opening

Just weeks before a new rail bridge connecting Texas and Mexico is set to open, controversy surrounding an X-ray machine for the bridge has unfolded. County officials in the Rio Grande Valley say it's on Customs and Border Protection to pay to relocate it, but the feds say they don't have the money.