The Texas Commission on Environmental Quality is the state’s environmental agency. It enforces clean air, water, and waste management laws and issues air and water operating permits.
The TCEQ, which began operation as the Texas Natural Resource Conservation Commission in 1993, was established by the Legislature in 1991. The TNRCC consolidated the responsibilities of the Texas Water Commission and the Texas Air Control Board. Industrial interests and environmental groups seemed to favor the new commission over fragmented agencies. The agency changed its name from the TNRCC to the TCEQ in 2002.
A three-person board of commissioners, appointed by the governor, oversees the TCEQ.
In September 2009, the Environmental Protection Agency reprimanded the agency for not meeting federal Clean Air Act requirements in their clean-air permitting program.