Number of Texans Receiving Food Stamps Up Sharply Amid Recession

The number of Texans receiving federal food assistance — commonly known as food stamps — has increased by nearly 1.4 million in the last four years. Nearly 15 percent of Texans now receive food stamps, and many more than that are eligible.

More than 3.7 million Texans — more than half of whom are children — receive food benefits from the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, a federally funded program administered by the state Health and Human Services Commission.

While more Texans are getting food assistance, experts say food insecurity — the inability to access nutritious food — remains a serious problem. Texas had the second-highest percentage of households suffering from food insecurity in the nation in 2010, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture.

Only two-thirds of those who are eligible for the program are currently receiving benefits, according to data from the USDA’s Food and Nutrition Service. In October, the agency gave Texas good marks for improvement but still ranked the state 39th nationally for how accessible the food assistance program is to low-income communities.

When the national recession hit Texas in 2008, a dramatic increase in food assistance applications caused months of backlog at HHSC. The percentage of SNAP applications the HHSC processed within 30 days — the mandatory deadline set by the federal government — dropped from 92 percent to 65 percent from 2006 to 2010, according to a state auditor’s report. And the payment error rate increased sharply.

State and federal officials say the commission has turned the program around, but 50 individuals and five nonprofit organizations are still suing the HHSC over the backlog. They argue the agency illegally denied benefits to eligible Texans by not processing the applications on time.

“Frankly, two years ago it was criminal what they were doing,” said Robert Doggett, the lead attorney at Texas RioGrande Legal Aid, which is representing the plaintiffs alongside attorneys from the Legal Aid of Northwest Texas and Lone Star Legal Aid, nonprofits that offer free legal services for low-income Texans. “What they’ve done is they’ve smoothed over the rough edges and haven’t really addressed the underlying problem.”

Part of the problem, the lawsuit alleges, is the severe drop in the number of state employees processing the eligibility applications. The state pays for half of the administrative cost of the program, and during the budget crunch of 2003, lawmakers attempted to save money by partially privatizing the eligibility process. As a result, many tenured employees at the commission quit or were fired. The caseload of staff members processing food assistance program applications increased from 77 cases per worker in 1996 to 163 cases per worker in 2009.

The commission has made significant changes to improve the program, including hiring 800 new employees to process eligibility applications, said HHSC spokeswoman Stephanie Goodman. Even as monthly enrollment grows, the agency is now processing 97 percent of applications on time. And in June, the HHSC won a $6.2 million bonus from the federal government for having the most improved payment error rate in the nation, she said.

“Two years ago I would have told you Texas was one of the worst states that I ever worked with,” said Bill Ludwig, the federal administrator of the Food and Nutrition Service for the southwest region. “Today they’re one of the best states I’ve ever worked with.”

During the height of the turmoil at the HHSC, Ludwig sent multiple letters threatening to take action against the commission if the program did not improve. Now it has, he said, and federal audits show the conditions that existed in 2009 when the lawsuit was filed are no longer a problem.

Doggett, of Texas RioGrande Legal Aid, said there’s no question HHSC has improved since 2009. But problems persist. The lawsuit also alleges that even though state law requires the HHSC to encourage eligible Texans to apply, the complicated application process and poor customer service continue to dissuade eligible Texans from applying. A state court denied the HHSC’s motion to throw out the lawsuit and the lawsuit is currently stalled in the appeals process.

Rep. Susan King, R-Abilene, filed a bill during the regular legislative session this year requiring the HHSC to identify inefficiencies and test ways to improve the application process. Although it was eventually passed, the requirements were watered down to eliminate the estimated $12 million price tag for the improvements required by the bill. King told lawmakers that simplifying the application process could save money for the commission, which must spend time explaining the application. “I tried to fill it out myself, and it was very difficult,” she said during a committee hearing.

The HHSC has simplified the application, and now allows Texans to apply online, Goodman said. But applicants still must provide a number of documents to verify their eligibility. “We’ve really worked hard I think to make that process as easy as possible, while still making sure for our taxpayers that yes, everyone on these rolls is really eligible,” she said.

The 27 percent growth in enrollment, which has outpaced population growth, is evidence that the program improvements and grassroots efforts to reach more eligible Texans in low-income communities are working, Goodman said.

In March 2010, the HHSC, USDA and Texas Food Bank Network set up a pilot program to reach low-income communities by allowing regional food banks to help people apply for for assistance. The HHSC gave four food banks permission to conduct the required official state interviews and created an online portal so the food banks could assist eligible families with their applications.

The San Antonio Food Bank, which participates in the pilot program, found in a survey that only 33 percent of families who accessed the food bank received SNAP benefits even though 90 to 95 percent of them were eligible. The food bank helped 26,036 families apply for food assistance in fiscal year 2011 through the pilot program.

“It really saves money across the board,” said Paco Velez, the vice president of program initiatives at the food bank. It reduces the strain on the local food bank and other nonprofits to provide emergency food, he said. “It also helps keep jobs here in San Antonio through grocery stores, convenience stores and supermarkets,” he said.

The $5.5 billion Texas received in food stamps in fiscal year 2010 produced an estimated $9.75 billion overall economic impact and created between 48,000 and 98,000 jobs in Texas, according to Texas Tribune calculations based on findings in a 2010 USDA report.

But Celia Cole, a policy analyst for the left-leaning Center for Public Policy Priorities, said the main reason the program's enrollment has grown is the lousy economy — not improvements at HHSC. She supports the creation of the online tools to help the process, but she said the state must have adequate staffing and management to maintain low error rates.

“Getting food banks to help doing interviews is not going to make those problems go away,” she said.

Use these interactive maps to explore the percentage of the population in your county that received food stamps in November and the estimated economic impact of the food benefit payments to the county.

*An updated version of these maps can be viewed here.


Click on the headings to sort the table.


County Percent of Population Receiving SNAP Benefits Change in Percent of Population Receiving Benefits Since 2005 Number of Households Children 0-17 Adults 18-59 Adults 60+ Total SNAP Payments Estimated Economic Impact
Anderson 12% 1% 2,906 3,455 2,827 554 $791,040 $1,415,962
Andrews 10% -1% 629 835 552 158 $187,806 $336,173
Angelina 19% 2% 6,947 8,787 6,608 1,158 $1,940,695 $3,473,844
Aransas 15% 0% 1,691 1,476 1,692 360 $427,069 $764,454
Archer 7% 6% 284 299 307 60 $68,540 $122,687
Armstrong 4% 2% 33 35 30 9 $8,021 $14,358
Atascosa 21% 4% 3,670 4,861 3,757 944 $1,072,577 $1,919,913
Austin 11% 4% 1,318 1,773 1,169 265 $375,338 $671,855
Bailey 18% 1% 466 722 455 114 $139,034 $248,871
Bandera 10% 2% 944 886 1,002 179 $246,887 $441,928
Bastrop 15% 7% 4,455 5,951 4,094 798 $1,283,038 $2,296,638
Baylor 16% 2% 287 235 288 71 $62,322 $111,556
Bee 14% 0% 1,824 2,093 1,700 501 $460,499 $824,293
Bell 14% 4% 17,124 23,079 18,081 2,200 $5,177,719 $9,268,117
Bexar 17% 4% 117,675 153,001 115,510 22,584 $34,739,872 $62,184,371
Blanco 8% 7% 328 414 325 64 $94,682 $169,481
Borden 4% 4% 11 18 8 2 $3,256 $5,828
Bosque 12% 2% 900 1,013 935 170 $245,141 $438,802
Bowie 18% 4% 6,986 8,211 7,021 1,139 $1,929,225 $3,453,313
Brazoria 10% 2% 12,307 16,911 11,660 2,006 $3,794,043 $6,791,337
Brazos 10% 2% 8,231 11,529 7,618 1,056 $2,417,341 $4,327,040
Brewster 11% 1% 471 424 431 129 $109,040 $195,182
Briscoe 13% 7% 82 106 79 29 $21,978 $39,341
Brooks 37% 0% 1,162 1,161 1,119 372 $296,613 $530,937
Brown 15% 1% 2,570 2,475 2,550 632 $630,853 $1,129,227
Burleson 14% 3% 1,022 1,178 941 228 $261,213 $467,571
Burnet 11% 5% 1,919 2,470 1,974 398 $533,549 $955,053
Caldwell 17% 6% 2,579 3,297 2,461 551 $718,446 $1,286,018
Calhoun 15% 2% 1,262 1,673 1,200 272 $355,977 $637,199
Callahan 12% 1% 652 725 692 146 $170,186 $304,633
Cameron 30% 2% 46,129 69,201 41,186 12,278 $14,100,391 $25,239,700
Camp 24% 8% 1,179 1,583 1,161 210 $335,865 $601,198
Carson 5% 2% 122 141 122 34 $31,239 $55,918
Cass 19% 4% 2,688 2,448 2,750 504 $686,974 $1,229,683
Castro 18% 0% 514 854 495 105 $157,464 $281,861
Chambers 8% -3% 1,230 1,555 1,107 229 $343,209 $614,344
Cherokee 17% 2% 3,538 4,678 3,281 626 $963,542 $1,724,740
Childress 16% 1% 469 534 459 113 $124,841 $223,465
Clay 8% 3% 362 402 380 90 $93,201 $166,830
Cochran 20% 2% 267 294 238 94 $73,114 $130,874
Coke 9% 3% 120 139 108 34 $28,990 $51,892
Coleman 17% -2% 681 665 627 209 $160,432 $287,173
Collin 5% 2% 16,589 22,588 14,208 3,604 $4,991,451 $8,934,697
Collingsworth 19% 8% 220 284 246 48 $68,587 $122,771
Colorado 13% 3% 1,177 1,458 1,039 249 $308,159 $551,605
Comal 8% 2% 3,652 4,699 3,685 686 $1,064,937 $1,906,237
Comanche 13% 0% 789 855 741 260 $191,071 $342,017
Concho 8% 2% 128 167 135 29 $34,320 $61,433
Cooke 11% 3% 1,755 2,390 1,574 315 $506,535 $906,698
Coryell 10% 3% 2,837 3,729 3,139 389 $795,010 $1,423,068
Cottle 16% 0% 102 117 85 37 $26,173 $46,850
Crane 9% 5% 164 208 150 48 $48,023 $85,961
Crockett 11% -1% 166 227 150 45 $43,102 $77,153
Crosby 27% 4% 623 779 687 162 $169,958 $304,225
Culberson 24% 2% 263 245 227 101 $63,162 $113,060
Dallam 14% 3% 377 533 353 67 $103,106 $184,560
Dallas 16% 6% 164,551 222,910 134,945 25,220 $49,345,738 $88,328,871
Dawson 17% 2% 928 1,225 814 285 $252,842 $452,587
Deaf Smith 19% 2% 1,352 2,200 1,267 283 $413,602 $740,348
Delta 15% 4% 358 335 365 100 $87,642 $156,879
Denton 6% 2% 14,990 20,512 13,246 2,468 $4,418,005 $7,908,229
DeWitt 16% 3% 1,425 1,537 1,277 376 $354,920 $635,307
Dickens 14% 4% 149 131 138 61 $32,064 $57,395
Dimmit 29% -1% 1,250 1,436 1,010 480 $319,939 $572,691
Donley 12% 1% 176 216 188 53 $48,633 $87,053
Duval 24% -2% 1,258 1,234 1,149 413 $298,515 $534,342
Eastland 15% 0% 1,256 1,279 1,178 380 $302,333 $541,176
Ector 16% -2% 8,606 11,690 7,752 1,914 $2,633,032 $4,713,127
Edwards 19% 5% 154 164 133 73 $38,700 $69,273
El Paso 23% 8% 74,301 94,918 69,334 21,254 $21,730,628 $38,897,824
Ellis 2% 1% 7,073 9,929 7,080 1,054 $2,215,349 $3,965,475
Erath 11% 3% 1,636 2,103 1,625 277 $466,702 $835,397
Falls 17% 4% 1,438 1,420 1,329 349 $338,198 $605,374
Fannin 13% 3% 1,879 2,002 1,849 414 $475,969 $851,985
Fayette 9% 0% 918 1,100 775 248 $223,203 $399,533
Fisher 12% 6% 207 207 222 55 $55,331 $99,042
Floyd 22% 4% 497 751 565 123 $156,215 $279,625
Foard 12% 0% 75 62 75 27 $13,499 $24,163
Fort Bend 8% 2% 17,936 24,805 15,770 4,255 $5,494,425 $9,835,021
Franklin 12% 4% 486 637 474 105 $129,714 $232,188
Freestone 11% 1% 921 1,082 827 204 $246,096 $440,512
Frio 23% 1% 1,525 1,984 1,426 493 $423,309 $757,723
Gaines 9% -2% 631 753 526 230 $161,992 $289,966
Galveston 12% -2% 15,370 17,761 13,986 2,577 $4,329,428 $7,749,676
Garza 11% -2% 319 326 309 81 $69,881 $125,087
Gillespie 8% 3% 792 1,004 782 157 $213,128 $381,499
Glasscock 5% 4% 17 42 23 1 $6,520 $11,671
Goliad 13% 1% 393 452 373 109 $103,025 $184,415
Gonzales 18% 2% 1,488 1,971 1,308 339 $407,909 $730,157
Gray 12% 3% 1,057 1,419 1,033 218 $292,606 $523,765
Grayson 13% 3% 6,776 7,917 6,754 1,153 $1,845,920 $3,304,197
Gregg 16% 2% 8,592 10,367 8,077 1,297 $2,353,386 $4,212,561
Grimes 14% 4% 1,604 1,863 1,424 375 $425,411 $761,486
Guadalupe 11% 2% 5,666 7,605 5,688 1,107 $1,655,155 $2,962,727
Hale 19% 3% 2,561 3,785 2,623 552 $758,106 $1,357,010
Hall 20% 2% 259 320 270 73 $72,277 $129,376
Hamilton 13% 3% 475 465 501 117 $117,358 $210,071
Hansford 7% 0% 153 234 106 47 $41,163 $73,682
Hardeman 15% 3% 251 292 245 79 $65,763 $117,716
Hardin 13% -1% 3,028 3,127 3,321 512 $811,468 $1,452,528
Harris 14% 3% 244,083 346,049 198,951 43,295 $75,224,003 $134,650,965
Harrison 16% 2% 4,592 5,195 4,459 754 $1,218,927 $2,181,879
Hartley 4% 2% 87 135 78 23 $22,428 $40,146
Haskell 15% -1% 420 377 353 161 $90,784 $162,503
Hays 10% 10% 6,014 8,485 6,160 867 $1,839,641 $3,292,957
Hemphill 6% 4% 86 147 70 11 $24,860 $44,499
Henderson 17% 6% 5,765 6,343 5,956 1,156 $1,591,088 $2,848,048
Hidalgo 32% 3% 92,336 143,502 76,203 24,338 $29,448,058 $52,712,024
Hill 16% 5% 2,445 2,882 2,373 497 $652,644 $1,168,233
Hockley 14% 0% 1,289 1,713 1,270 302 $363,147 $650,033
Hood 10% 1% 2,226 2,643 2,284 384 $643,125 $1,151,194
Hopkins 12% 2% 1,819 2,199 1,777 396 $470,677 $842,512
Houston 17% 0% 1,874 1,803 1,672 458 $434,949 $778,559
Howard 12% 0% 1,671 2,304 1,661 311 $490,819 $878,566
Hudspeth 26% 8% 353 444 317 143 $96,935 $173,514
Hunt 16% 5% 5,980 6,553 6,034 1,076 $1,622,526 $2,904,322
Hutchinson 12% 2% 1,029 1,351 1,048 165 $299,720 $536,499
Irion 9% 6% 55 75 52 15 $15,291 $27,371
Jack 8% 6% 321 371 290 90 $85,322 $152,726
Jackson 14% 4% 820 1,056 769 171 $229,349 $410,535
Jasper 20% 1% 3,245 3,340 3,186 680 $835,743 $1,495,980
Jeff Davis 7% 5% 75 74 60 32 $16,484 $29,506
Jefferson 17% 0% 19,738 21,622 18,333 3,282 $5,327,069 $9,535,454
Jim Hogg 27% 5% 578 713 532 189 $154,564 $276,670
Jim Wells 22% 1% 3,579 4,509 3,256 1,007 $978,723 $1,751,914
Johnson 12% 3% 7,210 9,777 7,427 1,136 $2,223,908 $3,980,795
Jones 12% 2% 977 1,184 989 257 $256,815 $459,699
Karnes 16% 0% 1,029 1,053 966 301 $257,276 $460,524
Kaufman 12% 3% 5,097 6,547 4,971 875 $1,486,432 $2,660,713
Kendall 6% 2% 902 1,075 828 185 $238,156 $426,299
Kenedy 24% 21% 31 53 43 4 $9,802 $17,546
Kent 10% 5% 30 38 32 7 $7,649 $13,692
Kerr 11% 1% 2,379 2,609 2,386 452 $619,525 $1,108,950
Kimble 12% 2% 250 255 229 82 $63,491 $113,649
King 1% 1% 1 2 2 - $282 $505
Kinney 16% 4% 241 239 218 118 $55,477 $99,304
Kleberg 18% -2% 2,478 2,883 2,467 539 $672,126 $1,203,106
Knox 18% 3% 287 302 295 76 $68,279 $122,219
La Salle 21% 0% 597 682 496 250 $151,267 $270,768
Lamar 18% 2% 4,044 4,107 3,854 841 $1,013,479 $1,814,127
Lamb 19% 1% 1,054 1,432 980 289 $291,223 $521,289
Lampasas 14% 5% 1,114 1,349 1,261 184 $313,683 $561,493
Lavaca 10% 2% 794 938 682 219 $191,858 $343,426
Lee 10% 5% 711 882 626 151 $177,522 $317,764
Leon 13% 4% 1,009 1,082 896 248 $259,580 $464,648
Liberty 16% 0% 5,055 5,998 4,863 967 $1,450,844 $2,597,011
Limestone 16% 4% 1,590 1,899 1,502 322 $411,566 $736,703
Lipscomb 6% -2% 74 131 60 14 $21,587 $38,641
Live Oak 11% 1% 501 589 496 149 $135,374 $242,319
Llano 10% 4% 866 827 851 238 $205,709 $368,219
Loving 0% 0% - - - - $0 $0
Lubbock 15% 3% 16,519 22,073 17,187 2,758 $4,963,709 $8,885,039
Lynn 18% 4% 412 531 429 117 $113,994 $204,049
Madison 14% 0% 839 1,028 731 184 $225,306 $403,298
Marion 18% -6% 891 781 832 254 $219,594 $393,073
Martin 7% -9% 123 187 122 24 $40,031 $71,655
Mason 9% 2% 155 162 110 69 $38,909 $69,647
Matagorda 20% 3% 2,990 3,791 2,791 567 $882,970 $1,580,516
Maverick 31% 2% 6,593 8,136 5,904 2,901 $1,721,862 $3,082,133
McCulloch 17% -1% 615 661 549 203 $150,783 $269,902
McLennan 17% 5% 16,653 20,667 16,352 2,497 $4,616,711 $8,263,913
McMullen 5% -3% 17 14 17 6 $3,560 $6,372
Medina 14% 3% 2,626 3,250 2,773 606 $738,761 $1,322,382
Menard 13% 3% 131 125 115 55 $31,847 $57,006
Midland 10% -1% 5,357 7,796 4,971 1,035 $1,633,358 $2,923,711
Milam 19% 6% 2,096 2,234 2,074 442 $552,913 $989,714
Mills 9% 4% 190 195 214 50 $49,230 $88,122
Mitchell 12% 2% 457 588 444 122 $125,617 $224,854
Montague 11% 4% 974 1,039 943 224 $252,456 $451,896
Montgomery 9% 2% 17,360 24,048 15,966 2,683 $5,294,528 $9,477,205
Moore 13% 5% 945 1,821 985 133 $306,992 $549,516
Morris 21% 8% 1,203 1,200 1,216 247 $306,790 $549,154
Motley 11% 8% 65 57 38 43 $13,527 $24,213
Nacogdoches 17% 1% 4,741 5,776 4,190 708 $1,248,688 $2,235,152
Navarro 19% 7% 3,992 4,889 3,658 708 $1,105,484 $1,978,816
Newton 16% -5% 1,148 949 1,156 264 $282,912 $506,412
Nolan 18% 1% 1,082 1,380 1,051 265 $298,263 $533,891
Nueces 18% 2% 26,105 31,445 25,514 4,947 $7,440,352 $13,318,230
Ochiltree 8% 0% 323 487 266 55 $90,992 $162,876
Oldham 9% 5% 64 91 73 21 $19,086 $34,164
Orange 16% 0% 5,961 6,144 6,311 887 $1,604,941 $2,872,844
Palo Pinto 14% 3% 1,653 1,871 1,661 318 $438,420 $784,772
Panola 13% 0% 1,402 1,469 1,272 329 $363,642 $650,919
Parker 9% 4% 4,327 5,494 4,527 778 $1,296,481 $2,320,701
Parmer 10% 4% 361 584 329 83 $104,700 $187,413
Pecos 14% 1% 854 1,115 737 291 $235,057 $420,752
Polk 17% 1% 3,594 3,611 3,527 756 $914,601 $1,637,136
Potter 21% 2% 9,769 13,430 9,848 1,688 $2,940,547 $5,263,579
Presidio 27% -4% 1,014 916 567 659 $226,936 $406,215
Rains 12% 2% 552 587 576 132 $145,541 $260,518
Randall 8% 6% 3,653 4,789 4,001 536 $1,069,705 $1,914,772
Reagan 8% 1% 106 145 86 30 $29,901 $53,523
Real 17% -4% 257 246 233 91 $64,181 $114,884
Red River 17% 3% 1,064 921 990 295 $245,447 $439,350
Reeves 17% -2% 1,029 1,127 877 392 $258,414 $462,561
Refugio 16% 7% 495 533 468 143 $128,629 $230,246
Roberts 4% 1% 14 20 17 2 $4,997 $8,945
Robertson 20% 3% 1,465 1,593 1,329 325 $387,566 $693,743
Rockwall 6% 1% 1,945 2,759 1,903 312 $604,267 $1,081,638
Runnels 15% -1% 630 712 629 191 $155,250 $277,898
Rusk 11% 1% 2,561 3,043 2,440 521 $685,143 $1,226,406
Sabine 14% -7% 708 594 747 143 $171,740 $307,415
San Augustine 23% 6% 957 878 920 228 $237,182 $424,556
San Jacinto 21% 6% 2,511 2,610 2,520 481 $698,485 $1,250,288
San Patricio 18% -1% 4,781 5,960 4,739 1,181 $1,334,604 $2,388,941
San Saba 13% 0% 339 388 342 91 $88,784 $158,923
Schleicher 9% 4% 125 145 101 52 $30,470 $54,541
Scurry 12% 1% 835 1,029 800 200 $236,667 $423,634
Shackelford 9% 6% 139 135 123 51 $34,662 $62,045
Shelby 19% 1% 2,135 2,477 1,861 429 $553,365 $990,523
Sherman 4% 0% 38 67 29 9 $11,361 $20,336
Smith 13% 1% 11,568 15,223 10,794 1,908 $3,210,351 $5,746,528
Somervell 10% 4% 346 466 336 59 $100,961 $180,720
Starr 38% 3% 9,443 11,923 7,462 3,703 $2,582,059 $4,621,886
Stephens 15% 0% 635 705 626 144 $162,521 $290,913
Sterling 8% 4% 35 55 29 10 $9,172 $16,418
Stonewall 8% 1% 60 51 51 22 $14,730 $26,367
Sutton 10% -2% 167 216 153 55 $43,282 $77,475
Swisher 17% 2% 496 645 521 127 $135,794 $243,071
Tarrant 12% 4% 88,652 124,512 81,880 13,818 $27,602,916 $49,409,220
Taylor 14% 2% 7,384 9,467 7,336 1,314 $2,018,320 $3,612,793
Terrell 7% 2% 37 23 26 21 $7,368 $13,189
Terry 17% -1% 842 1,094 773 255 $229,507 $410,818
Throckmorton 10% 3% 59 78 55 23 $15,574 $27,877
Titus 17% 6% 2,169 3,353 1,776 281 $619,562 $1,109,016
Tom Green 13% 0% 6,067 7,243 6,032 1,247 $1,613,998 $2,889,056
Travis 12% 3% 54,748 71,901 43,908 7,054 $16,233,085 $29,057,222
Trinity 19% 6% 1,421 1,125 1,358 298 $332,313 $594,840
Tyler 15% 1% 1,480 1,374 1,474 344 $370,562 $663,306
Upshur 16% 4% 2,653 3,035 2,686 506 $729,000 $1,304,910
Upton 12% 4% 164 209 151 45 $43,909 $78,597
Uvalde 25% -1% 2,496 3,327 2,579 714 $707,698 $1,266,779
Val Verde 22% 2% 4,347 5,515 3,716 1,681 $1,177,809 $2,108,278
Van Zandt 13% 5% 2,999 3,280 3,105 671 $810,576 $1,450,931
Victoria 16% 3% 5,395 7,326 5,326 931 $1,580,270 $2,828,683
Walker 10% 1% 3,103 3,267 2,891 538 $829,951 $1,485,612
Waller 12% -11% 2,119 3,017 1,917 315 $641,352 $1,148,020
Ward 12% -4% 547 593 479 160 $130,591 $233,758
Washington 11% 1% 1,614 1,935 1,352 345 $402,364 $720,232
Webb 31% 6% 28,043 45,912 24,597 7,115 $9,193,752 $16,456,816
Wharton 16% 5% 2,678 3,712 2,428 519 $791,652 $1,417,057
Wheeler 8% 4% 178 252 164 35 $50,173 $89,810
Wichita 14% 3% 8,034 8,976 8,097 1,281 $2,114,253 $3,784,513
Wilbarger 17% 3% 945 1,156 917 210 $236,460 $423,263
Willacy 32% 3% 2,902 3,619 2,569 952 $807,358 $1,445,171
Williamson 8% 4% 13,490 19,250 13,393 2,041 $4,142,237 $7,414,604
Wilson 11% 4% 1,880 2,411 1,984 408 $546,863 $978,885
Winkler 13% 1% 414 434 354 139 $99,639 $178,354
Wise 9% 3% 2,219 2,878 2,243 391 $656,360 $1,174,884
Wood 12% 4% 2,223 2,396 2,253 520 $554,143 $991,916
Yoakum 10% 2% 305 461 267 84 $92,858 $166,216
Young 13% -2% 1,097 1,152 1,050 260 $265,349 $474,975
Zapata 29% 5% 1,603 2,361 1,265 475 $498,106 $891,610
Zavala 37% 8% 1,757 2,082 1,695 546 $485,716 $869,432

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