After 20 Years, NAFTA Draws Praise and Controversy

SAN ANTONIO — Two decades after a pact initiated here created the world’s largest free trade area, economists are calling the North American Free Trade Agreement a resounding success, crediting it for fueling unprecedented trade and creating millions of jobs in the United States.

The agreement between the U.S., Mexico and Canada, ratified 19 years ago Saturday, also made two of Texas’ land ports among the country’s busiest and delivered a multitrillion-dollar cumulative gross domestic product for its member countries.

But unions and consumer-advocacy groups say NAFTA has had negative effects in Mexico and the U.S. They ...

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