Texas’ controversial voter ID bill was struck down again, this time by a three-judge panel in Washington D.C. that determined the bill would disenfranchise certain segments of the voting-age population.
The bill, SB 14 sponsored by state Sen. Troy Fraser, R-Horseshoe Bay, requires that citizens furnish a photo ID before casting a ballot, and has been championed by supporters as a necessary tool to stamp out voter fraud in Texas.
Opponents argue that the bill would adversely affect voters who don’t have easy access to an ID, something the court agreed with in its ruling. Under Section 5 of the federal Voting Rights Act, the federal government must approve laws passed in states with a history of racial discrimination.
“We find that Texas has failed to make this showing—in fact, record evidence demonstrates that, if implemented, SB 14 will likely have a retrogressive effect,” the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia judges wrote in their opinion. “Given this, we have no need to consider whether Texas has satisfied section 5’s purpose element. Accordingly we deny the state’s request for a declaratory judgment.”
Texas Attorney General Greg Abbott said the state will appeal the decision to the U.S. Supreme Court.
"The Supreme Court of the United States has already upheld Voter ID laws as a constitutional method of ensuring integrity at the ballot box," he said in a written statement. "Today's decision is wrong on the law and improperly prevents Texas from implementing the same type of ballot integrity safeguards that are employed by Georgia and Indiana - and were upheld by the Supreme Court. The State will appeal this decision to the U.S. Supreme Court, where we are confident we will prevail."
Despite Abbott’s pledge to appeal, the district court’s late-summer decision makes it unlikely there will be time to overturn the ruling before the Nov. 6 general election. The high court is not scheduled to reconvene until October.
The decision comes after a ruling in March by the U.S. Department of Justice, which rejected Texas' application for preclearance saying the state did not prove that the bill would not have a discriminatory effect on minority voters.
Thursday’s decision is a result of a lawsuit filed Abbott filed in January against the Department of Justice after he anticipated denial of preclearance. Abbott sought to have the law implemented immediately and said then that Texas is held to a higher bar than other states with similar laws.
In a statement released Thursday afternoon, Gov. Rick Perry called the decision a “victory for fraud.”
“Today, federal judges subverted the will of the people of Texas and undermined our effort to ensure fair and accurate elections,” he said. “The Obama Administration’s claim that it’s a burden to present a photo ID to vote simply defies common sense. I will continue to work with Attorney General Abbott to fight for the same right that other states already have to protect their elections.”
The court’s decision is the second time in less than a week that Texas has been affected under Section 5 of the Voting Rights Act. On Tuesday, a court ruled that Texas lawmakers violated the act when they drew new state House, Senate and congressional maps.
In Thursday’s ruling, the judges said the state was its own worst enemy.
“During closing arguments, Texas’s counsel complained that they had been shouldered with an 'impossible burden' in this litigation. This may well be correct, but Texas’s lawyers have only their client to blame,” judge David Tatel wrote. “The State of Texas enacted a voter ID law that — at least to our knowledge — is the most stringent in the country. That law will almost certainly have retrogressive effect: it imposes strict, unforgiving burdens on the poor, and racial minorities in Texas are disproportionately likely to live in poverty.”
The court added that the case would have been “far closer” if the Legislature passed amendments filed that would have made the law less stringent, including measures that would have waived fees for the indigent who needed documents to obtain an ID to vote, and expanded the range of identifications acceptable under SB 14. Amendments that would have kept DPS offices open in the evening and on weekends, and allowed the indigent residents to cast provisional ballots without photo ID were also voted down or tabled.
Democrats were quick to cheer the ruling and assail the GOP for pushing the issue.
“Their [Republican] law was a dangerous solution in search of a problem, while real problems like having the highest uninsured population in the nation, schools failing to meet federal requirements, and crumbling state infrastructure still go unresolved,” Houston state Rep. Jessica Farrar, the chairwoman of the House Democratic Caucus, said in a statement. “It's high time for Attorney General Abbott to stop burning our tax dollars on losing lawsuits meant to make it harder for Texans to vote. Instead of waging a partisan crusade against key protections granted by the landmark Voting Rights Act, he should start focusing on the real issues facing Texas."
“Requiring photo identification could have, perhaps, been enacted fairly, but Governor Perry and state leaders insisted on forcing through a flawed law that would have wasted millions of taxpayer dollars without protecting a single vote,” she said in a statement. “Texas leaders should be focusing on creating jobs instead of throwing money away on partisan politics.”
Added state Sen. Rodney Ellis, D-Houston: “There are more UFO and Bigfoot sightings than documented cases of voter impersonation. After years of testimony and debate, supporters of Texas' voter ID law still cannot prove their case that voter impersonation is even a minor problem in Texas.”
The NAACP, the Mexican American Legislative Caucus, the Lawyers’ Committee for Civil Rights Under Law and the Brennan Center for Justice issued a joint statement cheering the decision.
“In 2011, a wave of suppressive laws passed that could make it significantly harder for millions of eligible Americans to cast ballots this fall,” the groups stated. “The Texas decision marks the first time a federal court has blocked a restrictive voter ID law, and the second time this week that Texas has been found to have violated the federal Voting Rights Act.”
U.S. Sen. John Cornyn, R-Texas, said he was disappointed, but said the decision is ultimately up to the country’s high court.
“The Supreme Court will have the final say as Texas fights to preserve the integrity of the voting process with a commonsense, constitutional law vital to the health of our democracy,” he said in a statement.